Aims: Primary graft non-function (PNF) is a lifethreatening condition that is thought to be the consequence of microcirculation injury. The aim of the present study was to assess, with a computerized morphometric model, the morphological changes at reperfusion in liver biopsy specimens from patients who developed PNF after liver transplantation. Methods and results: Biopsy specimens were obtained at maximum ischaemia and at the end of reperfusion. Morphology included many stereological parameters, such as volumes of all parenchymal components, surface density, size distribution and mean diameter of hepatocytes. Other variables examined were intensive care unit stay, degree of steatosis, serum liver function tests and ischaemic time. In the postoperative period, the PNF group showed elevated serum levels of alanine transferase, decreased daily rate of bile production and prothrombin activity. Blood lactates were significantly higher in the PNF group than in a control group. When comparing groups, the volumetric parameters related to hepatocytes and sinusoids and the surface densities of the hepatic cells showed an inverse relationship. At the end of reperfusion, in PNF group the volume fraction of hepatocyte cytoplasm was decreased; in contrast, the volume fraction of sinusoidal lumen was markedly increased. The cell profiles showed the same inverse trend: the surface density of the parenchymal border of hepatocytes was decreased in PNF when compared with the control group, while the surface density of the vascular border was increased. In the PNF group, the surface density of the sinusoidal bed was directly correlated with alanine transferase, daily rate of bile production, prothrombin activity and cold ischaemic time. Conclusions: The alterations in hepatic architecture, as demonstrated by morphometric analysis in liver transplant recipients that developed PNF, provide additional information that may represent useful viability markers of the graft to complement conventional histological analysis.
|Titolo:||Morphometric analysis of primary graft non-function in liver transplantation|
|Autori interni:||VERTEMATI, MAURIZIO (Primo)|
GOFFREDI, MARIA ALBINA (Penultimo)
VIZZOTTO, LAURA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Image analysis; Liver transplantation; Morphometry; Primary graft non-function|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/17 - Istologia|
Settore BIO/16 - Anatomia Umana
|Data di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1111/j.1365-2559.2005.02110.x|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|
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