The X-linked CDKL5 gene codes for a kinase whose mutations have been associated with a suite of neurodevelopmental disorders generally characterized by early-onset epileptic encephalopathy and severe intellectual disability. The impact of these mutations on CDKL5 functions and brain development remain mainly unknown, although the importance of maintaining the catalytic activity is generally recognized. Since no cure exists for CDKL5 disorders, the demand for innovative therapies is a real emergency. The recent discovery that CDKL5 is dosage sensitive poses concerns on conventional protein and gene augmentative therapies. Thus, RNA-based therapeutic approaches might be preferred. We studied the efficacy of read-through therapy on CDKL5 premature termination codons (PTCs) that correspond roughly to 15% of all mutations. Our results provide the first demonstration that all tested CDKL5 nonsense mutations are efficiently suppressed by aminoglycoside drugs. The functional characterization of the restored full-length CDKL5 reveals that read-through proteins fully recover their subcellular localization, but only partially rescue their catalytic activity. Since read-through can cause amino acid substitution, CDKL5 patients carrying the PTC outside the catalytic domain might benefit more from a nonsense suppression therapy. Eventually, we demonstrate that non-aminoglycoside drugs, such as Ataluren (PTC124) and GJ072, are unable to induce read-through activity on CDKL5 PTCs. Although these drugs might be more effective in vivo, these results question the validity of the Ataluren phase 2 clinical trial that is currently ongoing on CDKL5 patients.
Aminoglycoside drugs induce efficient read-through of CDKL5 nonsense mutations, slightly restoring its kinase activity / M. Fazzari, A. Frasca, F. Bifari, N. Landsberger. - In: RNA BIOLOGY. - ISSN 1547-6286. - 16:10(2019 Oct), pp. 1414-1423.
|Titolo:||Aminoglycoside drugs induce efficient read-through of CDKL5 nonsense mutations, slightly restoring its kinase activity|
FAZZARI, MARIA (Primo)
FRASCA, ANGELISA (Secondo)
BIFARI, FRANCESCO (Penultimo)
LANDSBERGER, NICOLETTA (Ultimo) (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||aminoglycoside drugs; catalytic activity; CDKL5; encephalopathy; nonsense mutations; PTC; PTC124; read-through therapy; RNA-based therapy|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/11 - Biologia Molecolare|
|Data di pubblicazione:||ott-2019|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15476286.2019.1632633|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|
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