Nests of the primitively eusocial orchid bee Euglossa viridissima are generally founded by a solitary female but can be reactivated by female offspring, in the presence or absence of the mother. The population therefore exists of solitary and social nests that co-occur in an area. A female can stay as a subordinate helper under a dominant female or disperse to become a solitary foundress. Yet, the costs and benefits of the different social phenotypes are so far little understood. Here, we compared solitary and social nests of orchid bees. We used offspring of solitary and social nests to calculate offspring sex ratio, and applied molecular markers to calculate intranidal relatedness, infer maternity and test whether sociality may have a genetic component. We found that social nests had on average more brood than solitary nests. The overall sex ratio in the population did not differ from 1:1. However, social nests tended to produce a split sex ratio with some nests producing mainly males and others mainly female offspring. Regardless of social phenotype, the number of offspring was correlated with the sex ratio, with smaller nests having a more female-biased offspring. In social nests, not all offspring resulted from a single-mated mother, which was also the case for some solitary nests. This suggests shared reproduction in social nests and may be an indication that intraspecific parasitism and nest takeover are not uncommon. Structure analyses did not reveal different genetic background of the two social phenotypes. Our results suggest that there is no clear benefit that favours one of the two social phenotypes over the other and that the population is kept at balance in terms of sex ratio.
Shared reproduction and sex ratio adjustment to clutch size in a socially polymorphic orchid bee / A. Friedel, H.M.G. Lattorff, J.J.G. Quezada-Euan, S. Boff. - In: ETHOLOGY. - ISSN 0179-1613. - 126:1(2020 Jan 01), pp. 88-96.
|Titolo:||Shared reproduction and sex ratio adjustment to clutch size in a socially polymorphic orchid bee|
VIEIRA BOFF, SAMUEL (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||Euglossa viridissima; intranidal relatedness; neotropics; plastic behaviour; primitively eusocial; split sex ratio|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/07 - Ecologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1-gen-2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/eth.12963|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|