Introduction: In elderly patients treated with chemotherapy for advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), frequently an adequate dose intensity (DI) is difficult to be delivered. We therefore performed in this population a study to assess the delivered DI and its impact on clinical outcome. Patients and methods: Inclusion criteria were: age equal or greater than 70 years; cytological or histological diagnosis of NSCLC; stage IIIB or IV; no previous chemotherapy for advanced disease. Total relative dose intensity (RDI) was taken into account for the analysis. An RDI less than 80% was considered as suboptimal for tumor shrinkage. A survival comparison between subgroups (more or less than 80% RDI) was done. Results: 107 patients were eligible for the analysis. Mean age was 74.3 years. PS was 0-1 in 92.5% of subjects. Mean number of comorbidities was 1.86. The most frequently chemotherapy regimens used were single agent vinorelbine and single agent gemcitabine. Overall mean RDI was 68%; 36% of patients received a RDI > 80% of the originally planned one. The objective response rate (RR) was 55.2% and 33.3% respectively for patients receiving more or less than 80% of the RDI (p < 0.01); a significant difference in overall survival between these two groups (p < 0.0001) was also recorded. Baseline hemoglobin and body mass index (BMI) were the variables that significantly influenced the delivered RDI. Conclusions: These data suggest that in elderly patients treated with chemotherapy for advanced NSCLC an adequate dose intensity has a significant positive impact on both response rate and overall survival.
|Titolo:||Dose intensity correlate with survival in elderly patients treated with chemotherapy for advanced non-small cell lung cancer.|
FOA, PAOLO (Ultimo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/06 - Oncologia Medica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||ott-2009|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.lungcan.2008.12.019|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|