Streptococcus uberis is an important causative agent for clinical and subclinical mastitis in dairy cattle. The aim of this study was to develop 2 multiplex PCR assays (mPCR) for the simultaneous detection of virulence factors and housekeeping genes for use when investigating the genetic variability and distribution of Strep. uberis virulence factors. The tuf, cpn60, pauA, sodA, sua, oppF, and gapC genes were grouped in assay 1 (mPCR1) and the hasA, hasB, and hasC genes were included in assay 2 (mPCR2). The detection limits were 11.8 pg and 5.9 pg of DNA for mPCR1 and mPCR2, respectively. The 2 mPCR assays were validated with 56 Strep. uberis strains isolated from mastitis milk samples collected from different bovine herds in northern Italy. Results revealed that gapC and oppF were detected in 98.2% of the strains, whereas sua and hasC genes were detected in 94.6 and 89.2% of the strains, respectively. The most common pattern was gapC+, oppF+, cpn60+, sua+, sodA+, pauA+, tuf+, hasA+, hasB+, and hasC+, which appeared in 59% of the strains analyzed. The molecular assays developed in the present study represent a powerful tool for the evaluation of virulence pattern distribution in Strep. uberis strains associated with intramammary infections.
Technical note : Development of multiplex PCR assays for the molecular characterization of Streptococcus uberis strains isolated from bovine mastitis / D. Calonzi, A. Romano, V. Monistero, P. Moroni, M.V. Luini, F. Biscarini, B. Castiglioni, P. Cremonesi. - In: JOURNAL OF DAIRY SCIENCE. - ISSN 0022-0302. - 103:1(2020 Jan), pp. 915-920.
|Titolo:||Technical note : Development of multiplex PCR assays for the molecular characterization of Streptococcus uberis strains isolated from bovine mastitis|
|Parole Chiave:||Streptococcus uberis; mastitis; multiplex PCR; virulence factor|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore VET/05 - Malattie Infettive degli Animali Domestici|
|Data di pubblicazione:||gen-2020|
|Data ahead of print / Data di stampa:||6-nov-2019|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3168/jds.2019-16823|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|
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