The efficacy of traditional chemotherapy in inducing objective responses and prolonging survival in recurrent or metastatic head and neck cancer has been disappointing. More recent drugs have not proven superior to the classic regimen of cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil. Anti-EGFR monoclonal antibodies, either as single agents or associated to chemotherapy, have been shown to be active and little toxic. Among them, cetuximab has proven to be the most promising. Indeed the Extreme study, which compared the classic couple cisplatin (CDDP) 5-fluorouracil with the same regimen plus cetuximab, has constituted a remarkable innovation. The results of that trial seem to indicate a third agent added to CDDP and 5-fluorouracil improved both progression-free survival and overall survival in the recurrent or metastatic setting. Unfortunately, the results obtained with the tyrosine kinase inhibitors are less impressive, and additional studies are needed to explore the potentiality of this class of drug. As far as antiangiogenetics are concerned, the research is insufficient for any conclusion to be drawn in terms of efficacy. It is hoped that, in the near future, the most active combination between biological agents and traditional chemotherapy will be found, so that the path successfully taken in other neoplastic diseases may be retraced.

A review on the treatment of relapsed/metastatic head and neck cancer / D. Ferrari, C. Codecà, J. Fiore, A. Luciani, P. Foa. - In: EXPERT OPINION ON PHARMACOTHERAPY. - ISSN 1465-6566. - 10:16(2009 Nov), pp. 2625-2632. [10.1517/14656560903232645]

A review on the treatment of relapsed/metastatic head and neck cancer

C. Codecà
Secondo
;
J. Fiore;A. Luciani
Penultimo
;
P. Foa
Ultimo
2009-11

Abstract

The efficacy of traditional chemotherapy in inducing objective responses and prolonging survival in recurrent or metastatic head and neck cancer has been disappointing. More recent drugs have not proven superior to the classic regimen of cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil. Anti-EGFR monoclonal antibodies, either as single agents or associated to chemotherapy, have been shown to be active and little toxic. Among them, cetuximab has proven to be the most promising. Indeed the Extreme study, which compared the classic couple cisplatin (CDDP) 5-fluorouracil with the same regimen plus cetuximab, has constituted a remarkable innovation. The results of that trial seem to indicate a third agent added to CDDP and 5-fluorouracil improved both progression-free survival and overall survival in the recurrent or metastatic setting. Unfortunately, the results obtained with the tyrosine kinase inhibitors are less impressive, and additional studies are needed to explore the potentiality of this class of drug. As far as antiangiogenetics are concerned, the research is insufficient for any conclusion to be drawn in terms of efficacy. It is hoped that, in the near future, the most active combination between biological agents and traditional chemotherapy will be found, so that the path successfully taken in other neoplastic diseases may be retraced.
Settore MED/06 - Oncologia Medica
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/69236
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