PURPOSE: To describe the imaging features of choroidal melanoma using swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography (SS-OCT-A) and to evaluate its ability to display tumor intrinsic vasculature. METHODS: Consecutive patients diagnosed with choroidal melanoma underwent a complete ophthalmic evaluation, including best-corrected visual acuity, color fundus photography, B-scan ultrasound, fluorescein angiography, indocyanine green angiography, and SS-OCT-A (PLEX Elite 9000; Carl Zeiss Meditec, Inc, Dublin, CA). RESULTS: Twenty-two eyes of 22 consecutive patients were included in the study; 11 cases (50%) were treatment naive. Three lesions (14%) were located at the macula, 14 (63%) between the macula and equator, and 5 (23%) between the equator and the ora serrata. The mean tumor base and thickness were, respectively, 10.3 mm (range 5-15 mm) and 4.3 mm (range 1.5-8.9 mm). Seventeen lesions (77%) were dome shaped, whereas 5 (23%) had a mushroom configuration. Thirteen lesions (59%) were pigmented, 5 (23%) partially pigmented, and 4 (18%) amelanotic. An exudative retinal detachment was documented in 13 eyes (59%). Fluorescein angiography and indocyanine green angiography were performed in 20 patients and disclosed intrinsic microvasculature of the tumor, respectively, in 4 (20%) and 20 (100%) cases. Swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography was performed in 22 eyes and detected microvasculature of choroidal melanoma in all cases. Specifically, intrinsic vasculature could be recognized in 14 eyes (64%) using the automated choroid segmentation, 16 eyes (73%) using the automated whole eye segmentation, and in 22 eyes (100%) with fine manual adjustments of segmentation lines. CONCLUSION: Swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography represents a valid imaging technique to evaluate patients affected by choroidal melanomas. In our series, SS-OCT-A disclosed the intrinsic microvasculature of the tumor in all cases despite their size, location, and history of previous treatments.

Swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography in choroidal melanoma : an analysis of 22 consecutive cases / M. Pellegrini, F. Corvi, A. Invernizzi, V. Ravera, M.G. Cereda, G. Staurenghi. - In: RETINA. - ISSN 0275-004X. - 39:8(2019 Aug), pp. 1510-1519. [10.1097/IAE.0000000000002205]

Swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography in choroidal melanoma : an analysis of 22 consecutive cases

M. Pellegrini
;
F. Corvi;A. Invernizzi;V. Ravera;M.G. Cereda;G. Staurenghi
2019

Abstract

PURPOSE: To describe the imaging features of choroidal melanoma using swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography (SS-OCT-A) and to evaluate its ability to display tumor intrinsic vasculature. METHODS: Consecutive patients diagnosed with choroidal melanoma underwent a complete ophthalmic evaluation, including best-corrected visual acuity, color fundus photography, B-scan ultrasound, fluorescein angiography, indocyanine green angiography, and SS-OCT-A (PLEX Elite 9000; Carl Zeiss Meditec, Inc, Dublin, CA). RESULTS: Twenty-two eyes of 22 consecutive patients were included in the study; 11 cases (50%) were treatment naive. Three lesions (14%) were located at the macula, 14 (63%) between the macula and equator, and 5 (23%) between the equator and the ora serrata. The mean tumor base and thickness were, respectively, 10.3 mm (range 5-15 mm) and 4.3 mm (range 1.5-8.9 mm). Seventeen lesions (77%) were dome shaped, whereas 5 (23%) had a mushroom configuration. Thirteen lesions (59%) were pigmented, 5 (23%) partially pigmented, and 4 (18%) amelanotic. An exudative retinal detachment was documented in 13 eyes (59%). Fluorescein angiography and indocyanine green angiography were performed in 20 patients and disclosed intrinsic microvasculature of the tumor, respectively, in 4 (20%) and 20 (100%) cases. Swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography was performed in 22 eyes and detected microvasculature of choroidal melanoma in all cases. Specifically, intrinsic vasculature could be recognized in 14 eyes (64%) using the automated choroid segmentation, 16 eyes (73%) using the automated whole eye segmentation, and in 22 eyes (100%) with fine manual adjustments of segmentation lines. CONCLUSION: Swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography represents a valid imaging technique to evaluate patients affected by choroidal melanomas. In our series, SS-OCT-A disclosed the intrinsic microvasculature of the tumor in all cases despite their size, location, and history of previous treatments.
choroidal melanoma; fluorescein angiography; indocyanine green angiography; intraocular tumor; OCT; OCT-A; plex elite; swept-source OCT
Settore MED/30 - Malattie Apparato Visivo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/692278
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