Recent advances in nanotechnology applied to medicine and regenerative medicine have an enormous and unexploited potential for future space and terrestrial medical applications. The Nanoparticles and Osteoporosis (NATO) project aimed to develop innovative countermeasures for secondary osteoporosis affecting astronauts after prolonged periods in space microgravity. Calcium- and Strontium-containing hydroxyapatite nanoparticles (nCa-HAP and nSr-HAP, respectively) were previously developed and chemically characterized. This study constitutes the first investigation of the effect of the exogenous addition of nCa-HAP and nSr-HAP on bone remodeling in gravity (1 g), Random Positioning Machine (RPM) and onboard International Space Station (ISS) using human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (hBMMSCs). In 1 g conditions, nSr-HAP accelerated and improved the commitment of cells to differentiate towards osteoblasts, as shown by the augmented alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and the up-regulation of the expression of bone marker genes, supporting the increased extracellular bone matrix deposition and mineralization. The nSr-HAP treatment exerted a protective effect on the microgravity-induced reduction of ALP activity in RPM samples, and a promoting effect on the deposition of hydroxyapatite crystals in either ISS or 1 g samples. The results indicate the exogenous addition of nSr-HAP could be potentially used to deliver Sr to bone tissue and promote its regeneration, as component of bone substitute synthetic materials and additive for pharmaceutical preparation or food supplementary for systemic distribution.
The NATO project : nanoparticle-based countermeasures for microgravity-induced osteoporosis / F. Cristofaro, G. Pani, B. Pascucci, A. Mariani, M. Balsamo, A. Donati, G. Mascetti, G. Rea, A.M. Rizzo, L. Visai. - In: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS. - ISSN 2045-2322. - 9:1(2019 Nov 20), pp. 17141.1-17141.15.
|Titolo:||The NATO project : nanoparticle-based countermeasures for microgravity-induced osteoporosis|
RIZZO, ANGELA MARIA (Penultimo) (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||nanoparticles; microgravity; osteoporosis; space flight; ISS|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||20-nov-2019|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-53481-y|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|