OBJECTIVE: Patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) have an altered control of breathing during wakefulness. Thus far, whether and how treatment with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) may restore these abnormalities has been poorly understood. The aim of this study was to investigate the long-term effects of CPAP on the breathing pattern, ventilatory drive (VDr), and chemoreceptor sensitivity in OSA patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a prospective, observational study, carried out in an academic sleep outpatient clinic. A total of 62 patients with OSA (mean age [SD], 51 [11] years) underwent polysomnography (PSG), breathing pattern assessment, mouth occlusion pressure, ventilatory response to hypoxemia (Ve/SaO2), and hypercapnia (Ve/PETCO2) before and after CPAP titration and during 12-month follow-up. A total of 48 age-matched healthy subjects served as controls. Patients with good (≥6 h/night) and poor (<6 h/night) compliance with CPAP were also compared. RESULTS: At baseline, VDr as well as thoracic and inspiratory impedances were greater in patients with OSA compared with controls and were reduced by CPAP treatment, starting from the night of titration (P < 0.01), especially in patients with good compliance with CPAP. Baseline Ve/SaO2 was higher in OSA patients (P < 0.05) and was progressively normalized during CPAP treatment (P < 0.001). The pathophysiological changes were mainly due to a reduction in tidal volume. The remaining breathing pattern parameters were unaltered by CPAP treatment and were similar between groups. CONCLUSION: In OSA patients, the mechanics of breathing are inefficient because of an imbalance of the VDr. Regular CPAP treatment improves the efficiency of the respiratory system and normalizes the hypoxemic stimulus.

Effect of continuous positive airway pressure on respiratory drive in patients with obstructive sleep apnea / D. Radovanovic, M. Rizzi, A. Airoldi, M. Mantero, F. Di Marco, R. Raccanelli, P. Santus. - In: SLEEP MEDICINE. - ISSN 1389-9457. - 64(2019 Dec), pp. 3-11. [10.1016/j.sleep.2019.05.019]

Effect of continuous positive airway pressure on respiratory drive in patients with obstructive sleep apnea

D. Radovanovic;M. Mantero;F. Di Marco;P. Santus
Ultimo
2019-12

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) have an altered control of breathing during wakefulness. Thus far, whether and how treatment with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) may restore these abnormalities has been poorly understood. The aim of this study was to investigate the long-term effects of CPAP on the breathing pattern, ventilatory drive (VDr), and chemoreceptor sensitivity in OSA patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a prospective, observational study, carried out in an academic sleep outpatient clinic. A total of 62 patients with OSA (mean age [SD], 51 [11] years) underwent polysomnography (PSG), breathing pattern assessment, mouth occlusion pressure, ventilatory response to hypoxemia (Ve/SaO2), and hypercapnia (Ve/PETCO2) before and after CPAP titration and during 12-month follow-up. A total of 48 age-matched healthy subjects served as controls. Patients with good (≥6 h/night) and poor (<6 h/night) compliance with CPAP were also compared. RESULTS: At baseline, VDr as well as thoracic and inspiratory impedances were greater in patients with OSA compared with controls and were reduced by CPAP treatment, starting from the night of titration (P < 0.01), especially in patients with good compliance with CPAP. Baseline Ve/SaO2 was higher in OSA patients (P < 0.05) and was progressively normalized during CPAP treatment (P < 0.001). The pathophysiological changes were mainly due to a reduction in tidal volume. The remaining breathing pattern parameters were unaltered by CPAP treatment and were similar between groups. CONCLUSION: In OSA patients, the mechanics of breathing are inefficient because of an imbalance of the VDr. Regular CPAP treatment improves the efficiency of the respiratory system and normalizes the hypoxemic stimulus.
CPAP; Inspiratory impedance; Respiratory drive; Sleep apnea; Thoracic impedance; Ventilatory response
Settore MED/10 - Malattie dell'Apparato Respiratorio
Settore MED/26 - Neurologia
Settore MED/31 - Otorinolaringoiatria
Settore MED/11 - Malattie dell'Apparato Cardiovascolare
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/691785
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