In this study, we investigated the sequence of (Structural Maintenance of Chromosomes flexible Hinge Domain containing 1) SMCHD1 gene in a cohort of clinically defined FSHD (Facioscapulohumeral muscular Dystrophy) patients in order to assess the distribution of SMCHD1 variants, considering the D4Z4 fragment size in terms of Repeated Unit (RU; short fragment: 1-7 RU, borderline: 8-10RU and normal fragment: >11RU). The analysis of SMCHD1 revealed the presence of 82 variants scattered throughout the introns, exons and 3'UnTranslated Region (3'UTR) of the gene. Among them, 64 were classified as benign polymorphisms and 6 as VUS (Variants of Uncertain Significance). Interestingly, 7 pathogenic/likely pathogenic variants were identified in patients carrying a borderline or normal D4Z4 fragment size, namely c.182_183dupGT (p.Q62Vfs*48), c.2129dupC (p.A711Cfs*11), c.3469G>T (p.G1157*), c.5150_5151delAA (p.K1717Rfs*16) and c.1131+2_1131+5delTAAG, c.3010A>T (p.K1004*), c.853G>C (p.G285R). All of them were predicted to disrupt the structure and conformation of SMCHD1, resulting in the loss of GHKL-ATPase and SMC hinge essential domains. These results are consistent with the FSHD symptomatology and the Clinical Severity Score (CSS) of patients. In addition, 5 variants (c.*1376A>C, rs7238459; c.*1579G>A, rs559994; c.*1397A>G, rs150573037; c.*1631C>T, rs193227855; c.*1889G>C, rs149259359) were identified in the 3'UTR region of SMCHD1, suggesting a possible miRNA-dependent regulatory effect on FSHD related pathways. The present study highlights the clinical utility of Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) platforms for the molecular diagnosis of FSHD and the importance of integrating molecular findings and clinical data in order to improve the accuracy of genotype-phenotype correlations.
The variability of SMCHD1 gene in FSHD patients: evidence of new mutations / C. Strafella, V. Caputo, R.M. Galota, G. Campoli, C. Bax, L. Colantoni, G. Minozzi, C. Orsini, L. Politano, G. Tasca, G. Novelli, E. Ricci, E. Giardina, R. Cascella. - In: HUMAN MOLECULAR GENETICS. - ISSN 0964-6906. - 28:23(2019 Dec), pp. 3912-3920.
|Titolo:||The variability of SMCHD1 gene in FSHD patients: evidence of new mutations|
MINOZZI, GIULIETTA [Methodology]
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore AGR/17 - Zootecnica Generale e Miglioramento Genetico|
Settore BIO/18 - Genetica
Settore MED/03 - Genetica Medica
|Data di pubblicazione:||dic-2019|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/hmg/ddz239|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|