Background: The presence of paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria clones in the setting of aplastic anemia or myelodysplastic syndrome has been shown to have prognostic and therapeutic implications. However, the status of paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria clones in various categories of myelodysplastic syndrome and in other bone marrow disorders is not well-studied. Design and Methods: By using multiparameter flow cytometry immunophenotypic analysis with antibodies specific for four glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored proteins (CD55, CD59, CD16, CD66b) and performing an aerolysin lysis confirmatory test in representative cases, we assessed the paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria- phenotype granulocytes in 110 patients with myelodysplastic syndrome, 15 with myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative disease, 5 with idiopathic myelofibrosis and 6 with acute myeloid leukemia. Results: Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria-phenotype granulocytes were detected in nine patients with low grade myelodysplastic syndrome who showed clinicopathological features of bone marrow failure, similar to aplastic anemia. All paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria-positive cases demonstrated loss of the four glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored proteins, with CD16-CD66b- clones being larger than those of CD55-CD59- (p<0.05). Altered glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored protein expression secondary to granulocytic hypogranulation, immaturity, and/or immunophenotypic abnormalities was present in a substantial number of cases and diagnostically challenging. Conclusions: These results show that routine screening for paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria clones in patients with an intrinsic bone marrow disease who show no clinical evidence of hemolysis has an appreciable yield in patients with low grade myelodysplastic syndromes. The recognition of diagnostic caveats and pitfalls associated with the underlying intrinsic bone marrow disease is essential in interpreting paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria testing correctly. In our experience, the CD16/CD66b antibody combination is superior to CD55/CD59 in screening for subclinical paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria because it detects a large clone size and is less subject to analytical interference.

Integrative analysis of DNA copy number and expression levels of MIR-15a/16-1 cluster in B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia patients with 13q14 deletion / L. Mosca, M. Lionetti, S. Fabris, G. Cutrona, L. Agnelli, G. Ciceri, S. Leone, V. Polli, S. Matis, M. Gentile, M. Spriano, V. Callea, G. Festini, S. Molica, G. Lambertenghi Deliliers, F. Morabito, M. Ferrarini, A. Neri. - In: HAEMATOLOGICA. - ISSN 0390-6078. - 94:suppl. 4(2009), pp. 29-29. ((Intervento presentato al 42. convegno Congress of the Italian society of hematology tenutosi a Milano nel 2009.

Integrative analysis of DNA copy number and expression levels of MIR-15a/16-1 cluster in B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia patients with 13q14 deletion

M. Lionetti
Secondo
;
S. Fabris;L. Agnelli;G. Lambertenghi Deliliers;A. Neri
Ultimo
2009

Abstract

Background: The presence of paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria clones in the setting of aplastic anemia or myelodysplastic syndrome has been shown to have prognostic and therapeutic implications. However, the status of paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria clones in various categories of myelodysplastic syndrome and in other bone marrow disorders is not well-studied. Design and Methods: By using multiparameter flow cytometry immunophenotypic analysis with antibodies specific for four glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored proteins (CD55, CD59, CD16, CD66b) and performing an aerolysin lysis confirmatory test in representative cases, we assessed the paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria- phenotype granulocytes in 110 patients with myelodysplastic syndrome, 15 with myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative disease, 5 with idiopathic myelofibrosis and 6 with acute myeloid leukemia. Results: Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria-phenotype granulocytes were detected in nine patients with low grade myelodysplastic syndrome who showed clinicopathological features of bone marrow failure, similar to aplastic anemia. All paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria-positive cases demonstrated loss of the four glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored proteins, with CD16-CD66b- clones being larger than those of CD55-CD59- (p<0.05). Altered glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored protein expression secondary to granulocytic hypogranulation, immaturity, and/or immunophenotypic abnormalities was present in a substantial number of cases and diagnostically challenging. Conclusions: These results show that routine screening for paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria clones in patients with an intrinsic bone marrow disease who show no clinical evidence of hemolysis has an appreciable yield in patients with low grade myelodysplastic syndromes. The recognition of diagnostic caveats and pitfalls associated with the underlying intrinsic bone marrow disease is essential in interpreting paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria testing correctly. In our experience, the CD16/CD66b antibody combination is superior to CD55/CD59 in screening for subclinical paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria because it detects a large clone size and is less subject to analytical interference.
Aerolysin; Flow cytometry immunophenotyping; Glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored proteins; Myelodysplastic syndrome; Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria
Settore MED/15 - Malattie del Sangue
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/68696
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