BACKGROUND AND AIM: Walking on a split-belt treadmill (each of the two belts running at different speed) has been proposed as an experimental paradigm to investigate the flexibility of the neural control of gait and as a form of therapeutic exercise for hemi-paretic patients. However the scarcity of dynamic investigations both for segmental aspects and for the entire body system, represented by the Centre of Mass (CoM), challenges the validity of the available findings on split-gait. Thus, the aim of the present study is to describe the dynamic adaptation of healthy subjects in terms of segmental and CoM motion, using Gait Analysis on Force Treadmill . The study intends to clarify the effect of "split-gait", underlining its differences with pathologic claudication. METHODS: Ten healthy adults walked on a split-belt treadmill mounted on force sensors, with belts running either at the same speed ('Tied Condition', TC) or at different speeds ('Split Condition', SC, 0.4 vs 0.8 m/s). For the study of segmental motion, the surface Electromyography (sEMG), sagittal power and work provided by ankle, the main engine of body propulsion, were simultaneously recorded. For the study of the CoM motion, the Total Energy (Etot) and the percentage of Recovery (%R), the index of efficiency of the pendulum-like mechanism, were simultaneously analyzed. Various tied/split walking sequences were requested. The study was approved by the Local Ethic Committee. RESULTS: In the SC, the segmental motion analysis revealed a marked asymmetry between the two sides. The work provided by the ankle was 4.8 times higher (in the 0.4 vs 0.8 m/s conditions, respectively) compared with the slower side, and 1.2 times higher compared with the same speed in the TC (0.6 m/s) . Paradoxically, the analysis of the CoM revealed an increased efficiency of the pendulum mechanism, with a higher %R in SC with respect to the TC at the same speed. CONCLUSIONS: Split gait entails its own pattern of locomotion, very different from pathologic claudication. The faster leg mimics the paretic limb temporally, but the unimpaired limb from the spatial and dynamic point of view. This must be considered when a therapeutic application is designed. REFERENCES:1. Helm et al. Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am. 2015;26(4):703-13. 2. Tesio et al. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2008;87(7):515-26. 3. Tesio et al. Int J Rehabil Res. 2018;41(4):304-315.
Combined study of segmental movements and motion of the centre of mass during adaptation on a split-belt treadmill / L. Catino, C. Malloggi, L. Tesio. ((Intervento presentato al convegno International Society of Posture and Gait Research - ISPGR World Congress tenutosi a Edinburgh nel 2019.
|Titolo:||Combined study of segmental movements and motion of the centre of mass during adaptation on a split-belt treadmill|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/34 - Medicina Fisica e Riabilitativa|
|Citazione:||Combined study of segmental movements and motion of the centre of mass during adaptation on a split-belt treadmill / L. Catino, C. Malloggi, L. Tesio. ((Intervento presentato al convegno International Society of Posture and Gait Research - ISPGR World Congress tenutosi a Edinburgh nel 2019.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||14 - Intervento a convegno non pubblicato|