Adenoid hypertrophy (AH) is an extremely common condition in the pediatric and adolescent populations that can lead to various medical conditions, including acute rhinosusitis, with a percentage of these progressing to chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). The relationship between AH and pediatric CRS has been extensively studied over the past few years and clinical consensus on the treatment has now been reached, allowing this treatment to become the preferred clinical practice. The purpose of this study is to review existing literature and data on the relationship between AH and CRS and the options for treatment. A systematic literature review was performed using a search line for "(Adenoiditis or Adenoid Hypertrophy) and Sinusitis and (Pediatric or Children)". At the end of the evaluation, 36 complete texts were analyzed, 17 of which were considered eligible for the final study, dating from 1997 to 2018. The total population of children assessed in the various studies was of 2371. The studies were categorized as surgical-observational, microbiological, genetic-immunological, and radiological. The analysis of the studies confirms the relationship between AH and CRS and supports the existing consensus on medical and surgical therapy. Furthermore, these studies underline the necessity to adapt medical and surgical treatment considering age, comorbidities including asthma and, if present, the Computed Tomography (CT) score.
|Titolo:||Adenoidal Disease and Chronic Rhinosinusitis in Children-Is there a Link?|
BULFAMANTE, ANTONIO MARIO (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||adenoid hypertrophy; children; chronic rhinosinusitis|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/31 - Otorinolaringoiatria|
|Data di pubblicazione:||23-set-2019|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/jcm8101528|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|