24-h simultaneous samplings of PM10 and PM2.5 particulate matter (PM) have been carried out during the period December 1997-September 1998 in the central urban area of Milan. The mass concentrations of the two fractions showed significant daily variations linked to different thermodynamic conditions of the planetary boundary layer (PBL) and characterised by higher values during wintertime. The elemental composition. determined by energy dispersive Xray fluorescence technique, was quite different in the two fractions: in the finer one the presence of elements with crustal origin is reduced while the anthropogenic elements, with a relevant environmental and health impact. appear to be enriched. The composition data allowed a quantification of two major components of the atmospheric particulate: sulphates (mainly of secondary origin) and particles with crustal origin. An important but unmeasured component is likely constituted by organic and elemental carbon compounds.
Characterisation of PM10 and PM2.5 particulate matter in the ambient air of Milan (Italy) / G.M. Marcazzan, S. Vaccaro, G. Valli, R. Vecchi. - In: ATMOSPHERIC ENVIRONMENT. - ISSN 1352-2310. - 35:27(2001), pp. 4639-4650.
|Titolo:||Characterisation of PM10 and PM2.5 particulate matter in the ambient air of Milan (Italy)|
VALLI, GIANLUIGI (Penultimo)
VECCHI, ROBERTA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||ED-XRF analysis; Elemental composition; Fine and coarse fraction; Sources|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore FIS/06 - Fisica per il Sistema Terra e Il Mezzo Circumterrestre|
Settore FIS/07 - Fisica Applicata(Beni Culturali, Ambientali, Biol.e Medicin)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2001|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1352-2310(01)00124-8|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|