NF-Y is a CCAAT-binding trimeric transcription factor, whose regulome, interactome and oncogenic potential point to direct involvement in cellular transformation. Yet little is known about the levels of NF-Y subunits in tumors. We focused on breast carcinomas, and analyzed RNA-Seq datasets of TCGA and 54 BRCA cell lines at gene and isoforms level. We partitioned all tumors in the four major subclasses. NF-YA, but not histone-fold subunits NF-YB/NF-YC, is globally overexpressed, correlating with the proliferative Ki67 marker and a common set of 840 genes, with cell-cycle, metabolism GO terms. Their promoters are enriched in NF-Y, GC-rich and E2F sites. Surprisingly, there is an isoform switch, with the "short" isoform -NF-YAs- becoming predominant in tumors. E2F genes are also overexpressed in BRCA, but no switch in isoforms is observed. In Basal-like Claudinlow cell lines and tumors, expression of NF-YAl -long- isoform is high, together with 11 typical EMT markers and low levels of basal Keratins. Analysis of Progression-Free-Intervals indicates that tumors with unbalance of NF-YA isoforms ratios have worst clinical outcomes. The data suggest that NF-YA overexpression increases CCAAT-dependent, pro-growth genes in BRCA. NF-YAs is associated with a proliferative signature, but high levels of NF-YAl signal loss of epithelial features, EMT and acquisition of a more aggressive behavior in a subset of Claudinlow Basal-like tumors.
|Titolo:||Overexpression and alternative splicing of NF-YA in breast cancer|
DOLFINI, DILETTA (Primo)
MANTOVANI, ROBERTO (Ultimo) (Corresponding)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/18 - Genetica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||set-2019|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1038/s41598-019-49297-5|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|