Nitroarenes are the entry point for the production of most nitrogen-containing aromatic compounds. Thus, any transformation that leads directly from them to the final product allows saving one or more synthetic steps. This review deals with homogeneously catalyzed reactions leading to the formation of N-heterocyclic compounds from nitroarenes or nitroalkenes in one pot. Reactions that lead to the intermediate formation of amines are not considered. Carbon monoxide is the most often employed reductant because it allows selective reactions, is cheap, and only produces CO2 as stoichiometric byproduct. However, the difficulty in handling pressurized CO has stimulated in recent years the development of CO-surrogates, that is molecules able to liberate CO during the reaction. The use of phosphines and diols has also been developed in conjunction with molybdenum catalysts. The review focusses in more detail on the literature in the period 2006–2018, but reference to earlier work is made when necessary to put recent results in a more general context.

Transition Metal Catalyzed Reductive Cyclization Reactions of Nitroarenes and Nitroalkenes / F. Ferretti, D.R. Ramadan, F. Ragaini. - In: CHEMCATCHEM. - ISSN 1867-3880. - 11:18(2019 Sep 19), pp. 4450-4488.

Transition Metal Catalyzed Reductive Cyclization Reactions of Nitroarenes and Nitroalkenes

Ferretti F.;Ramadan D. R.;Ragaini F.
2019-09-19

Abstract

Nitroarenes are the entry point for the production of most nitrogen-containing aromatic compounds. Thus, any transformation that leads directly from them to the final product allows saving one or more synthetic steps. This review deals with homogeneously catalyzed reactions leading to the formation of N-heterocyclic compounds from nitroarenes or nitroalkenes in one pot. Reactions that lead to the intermediate formation of amines are not considered. Carbon monoxide is the most often employed reductant because it allows selective reactions, is cheap, and only produces CO2 as stoichiometric byproduct. However, the difficulty in handling pressurized CO has stimulated in recent years the development of CO-surrogates, that is molecules able to liberate CO during the reaction. The use of phosphines and diols has also been developed in conjunction with molybdenum catalysts. The review focusses in more detail on the literature in the period 2006–2018, but reference to earlier work is made when necessary to put recent results in a more general context.
carbon monoxide; CO surrogates; homogeneous catalysis; N-heterocycles; nitroarenes
Settore CHIM/03 - Chimica Generale e Inorganica
Settore CHIM/06 - Chimica Organica
5-lug-2019
CHEMCATCHEM
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/677014
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