State of the Problem The proper representation of soft tissue contours for a natural aspect of the peri-implant mucosa and its mimesis with the adjacent teeth is a crucial aspect of the esthetic area restoration. Purpose This paper describes a method for the easy transfer of the peri-implant tissue morphology onto impression material with a view to achieving an accurate, custom implant restoration. The procedure described is suitable both for single and multi-unit implant-supported prostheses. Clinical Procedures Once the peri-implant mucosa is sculpted by the provisional restoration, the emergence profile is duplicated. The implant analog is embedded into laboratory stone or plaster in a mixing cup and allowed to set. The provisional restoration is removed from the oral cavity and screwed to the implant analog; then, a polyether material is placed in the mixing cup so that the provisional restoration is put into impression material at the level of the prosthetic emergence profile. After the polyether polymerizing, the provisional prosthesis is unscrewed and replaced with the stock hexed transfer for the final impression. Next, cold self-curing resin is poured into this gap and left to set. A custom transfer for this single implant site is thus obtained. This modified transfer is then removed and screwed onto the implant in the oral cavity for the definitive impression. Conclusions The technique described enables a faithful reproduction of the peri-implant soft tissues and emergence profile. Clinical Significance An emergence profile that mimics the natural tooth should be obtained by successful esthetic implant restoration. Moreover, it allows proper hygiene, which is fundamental for implant maintenance. The best way to achieve the correct emergence profile is to sculpture the peri-implant mucosa by means of a provisional prosthesis. Prefabricated provisional crowns cannot mimic the complexity and the variations of human soft tissue. Therefore, only a chair-side modification of the provisional restoration can accomplish the optimal result. Such a requirement can be satisfied by the clinical method described in the present report. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Managing the peri-implant mucosa: A clinically reliable method for optimizing soft tissue contours and emergence profile / A. Parpaiola, L. Sbricoli, R. Guazzo, E. Bressan, D. Lops. - In: JOURNAL OF ESTHETIC AND RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY. - ISSN 1496-4155. - 25:5(2013), pp. 317-323.
|Titolo:||Managing the peri-implant mucosa: A clinically reliable method for optimizing soft tissue contours and emergence profile|
|Parole Chiave:||Esthetics, Dental; Humans; Periodontium; Reproducibility of Results; Dental Implants|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/28 - Malattie Odontostomatologiche|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2013|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jerd.12046|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|