Background: Among strategies to reduce the remaining risk of cardiovascular disease, interest has focused on using infusions of synthetic high-density lipoprotein (sHDL). Methods: New Zealand rabbits underwent a perivascular injury at both carotids and were randomly allocated into 2 protocols: (1) a single-dose study, where rabbits were treated with a single infusion of sHDL containing a trimeric form of human apoA-I (TN-sHDL, 200 mg/kg) or with Placebo; (2) a multiple-dose study, where 4 groups of rabbits were treated 5 times with Placebo or TN-sHDL at different doses (8, 40, 100 mg/kg). Plaque changes were analysed in vivo by intravascular ultrasound. Blood was drawn from rabbits for biochemical analyses and cholesterol efflux capacity evaluation. Results: In both protocols, atheroma volume in the Placebo groups increased between the first and the second intravascular ultrasound evaluation. A stabilization or a slight regression was instead observed vs baseline in the TN-sHDL-treated groups (P < 0.005 vs Placebo after infusion). TN-sHDL treatment caused a sharp rise of plasma-free cholesterol levels and a significant increase of total cholesterol efflux capacity. Histologic analysis of carotid plaques showed a reduced macrophage accumulation in TN-sHDL-treated rabbits compared with Placebo (P < 0.05). Conclusions: Our results demonstrate that acute and subacute treatments with TN-sHDL are effective in stabilizing atherosclerotic plaques in a rabbit model. This effect appears to be related to a reduced intraplaque accumulation of inflammatory cells. Besides recent failures in proving its efficacy, sHDL treatment remains a fascinating therapeutic option for the reduction of cardiovascular risk.
|Titolo:||Infusions of Large Synthetic HDL Containing Trimeric apoA-I Stabilize Atherosclerotic Plaques in Hypercholesterolemic Rabbits|
PAROLINI, CINZIA (Primo) (Corresponding)
CHIESA, GIULIA MARIA (Ultimo) (Corresponding)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||ott-2019|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cjca.2019.05.033|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|