In order to predict the elastic properties of the complex multi-component Portland cement, database of the thermodynamic parameters of the main constituents is needed. Ettringite (ideally Ca6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12·27H2O, with a=b 11.21 and c 21.43 Å, Sp. Gr. P31c) is a common crystalline phases in Portland cements. It contains more than 45 wt% of H2O. In the early hydration stages, the crystallization of ettringite governs the set rate of the highly reactive Ca3Al2O6 phase (also known as “C3A”), whereas in aged cements its formation is associated to degradation processes1. The crystal structure of ettringite is rather complex and it consists of [Ca3[Al(OH)6]·12H2O]-columns (in which Al(OH)6-octahedra are alternated with triplets of Ca(OH)4(OH2)4-polyhedra) and sulphate groups connected by a complex H-bonding net2. Previous studies on the behavior of ettringite at high pressure reported only the isotropic compressional behavior of ettringite 3,4. Because of that, the linear bulk moduli (Ka and Kc) and a full description of the deformation mechanisms at the atomic scale are still missing. We compressed a single crystal of ettringite up to 4.2 GPa by means of in-situ synchrotron X-ray diffraction, using a diamond-anvil cell and the mix methanol:ethanol (4:1) as P-transmitting fluid. Ettringite shows a marked anisotropic compressional pattern (Ka 21(1) GPa, Kc 47(1) GPa), which dramatically changes at P>3 GPa (Fig. 1). At P>3 GPa, the bulk modulus KV of ettringite drops from 26.6(5) to 10.4(8) GPa. Such a softening is governed by the structural changes which affect mainly the elastic behavior on the ab plane (Ka drops from 21(1) to 7.3(8) GPa whereas Kc decreases only moderately). The structure refinements reveal that the elastic softening reflects the collapse of the H-bonding net, due an average decrease of the Odonor···Oacceptor distances (up to 0.20 Å in some cases), which mainly affect the interaction between the sulphate groups and the Ca(OH)4(OH2)4-polyhedra lying in the ab plane.
Ettringite at high pressure: structure evolution and elastic behaviour / D. Comboni, P. Lotti, G.D. Gatta, M. Merlini, M. Hanfland. ((Intervento presentato al 5. convegno MISCA tenutosi a Napoli nel 2019.
|Titolo:||Ettringite at high pressure: structure evolution and elastic behaviour|
COMBONI, DAVIDE (Primo) (Corresponding)
LOTTI, PAOLO (Secondo)
|Data di pubblicazione:||5-set-2019|
|Parole Chiave:||Ettringite; high pressure; single crystal; Synchrotron radiation; Structure|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore GEO/06 - Mineralogia|
Settore GEO/09 - Georisorse Miner.Appl.Mineral.-Petrogr.per l'amb.e i Beni Cul
|Enti collegati al convegno:||AIC, GE3C|
|Citazione:||Ettringite at high pressure: structure evolution and elastic behaviour / D. Comboni, P. Lotti, G.D. Gatta, M. Merlini, M. Hanfland. ((Intervento presentato al 5. convegno MISCA tenutosi a Napoli nel 2019.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||14 - Intervento a convegno non pubblicato|
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