Positronium in the 2S3 metastable state exhibits a low electrical polarizability and a long lifetime (1140 ns), making it a promising candidate for interferometry experiments with a neutral matter-antimatter system. In the present work, 2S3 positronium is produced, in the absence of an electric field, via spontaneous radiative decay from the 3P3 level populated with a 205-nm UV laser pulse. Thanks to the short temporal length of the pulse, 1.5 ns full width at half maximum, different velocity populations of a positronium cloud emitted from a nanochanneled positron-positronium converter were selected by delaying the excitation pulse with respect to the production instant. 2S3 positronium atoms with velocity tuned between 7×104ms-1 and 10×104ms-1 were thus produced. Depending on the selected velocity, a 2S3 production efficiency ranging from ∼0.8% to ∼1.7%, with respect to the total amount of emitted positronium, was obtained. The observed results give a branching ratio for the 3P3-2S3 spontaneous decay of (9.7±2.7)%. The present velocity selection technique could allow one to produce an almost monochromatic beam of ∼1×1032S3 atoms with a velocity spread of <104ms-1 and an angular divergence of ∼50 mrad.

Velocity-selected production of 2 S 3 metastable positronium / C. Amsler, M. Antonello, A. Belov, G. Bonomi, R.S. Brusa, M. Caccia, A. Camper, R. Caravita, F. Castelli, G. Cerchiari, D. Comparat, G. Consolati, A. Demetrio, L. Di Noto, M. Doser, M. Fani, S. Gerber, A. Gligorova, F. Guatieri, P. Hackstock, S. Haider, A. Hinterberger, H. Holmestad, A. Kellerbauer, O. Khalidova, D. Krasnicky, V. Lagomarsino, P. Lansonneur, P. Lebrun, C. Malbrunot, S. Mariazzi, V. Matveev, S.R. Muller, G. Nebbia, P. Nedelec, M. Oberthaler, D. Pagano, L. Penasa, V. Petracek, F. Prelz, M. Prevedelli, B. Rienaecker, J. Robert, O.M. Rohne, A. Rotondi, H. Sandaker, R. Santoro, L. Smestad, F. Sorrentino, G. Testera, I.C. Tietje, E. Widmann, P. Yzombard, C. Zimmer, N. Zurlo. - In: PHYSICAL REVIEW A. - ISSN 2469-9926. - 99:3(2019 Mar 05), pp. 033405.033405-1-033405.033405-6.

Velocity-selected production of 2 S 3 metastable positronium

F. Castelli;F. Prelz;
2019

Abstract

Positronium in the 2S3 metastable state exhibits a low electrical polarizability and a long lifetime (1140 ns), making it a promising candidate for interferometry experiments with a neutral matter-antimatter system. In the present work, 2S3 positronium is produced, in the absence of an electric field, via spontaneous radiative decay from the 3P3 level populated with a 205-nm UV laser pulse. Thanks to the short temporal length of the pulse, 1.5 ns full width at half maximum, different velocity populations of a positronium cloud emitted from a nanochanneled positron-positronium converter were selected by delaying the excitation pulse with respect to the production instant. 2S3 positronium atoms with velocity tuned between 7×104ms-1 and 10×104ms-1 were thus produced. Depending on the selected velocity, a 2S3 production efficiency ranging from ∼0.8% to ∼1.7%, with respect to the total amount of emitted positronium, was obtained. The observed results give a branching ratio for the 3P3-2S3 spontaneous decay of (9.7±2.7)%. The present velocity selection technique could allow one to produce an almost monochromatic beam of ∼1×1032S3 atoms with a velocity spread of <104ms-1 and an angular divergence of ∼50 mrad.
Settore FIS/01 - Fisica Sperimentale
Settore FIS/03 - Fisica della Materia
5-mar-2019
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/674037
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