The structures and properties, including second-order non-linear optical properties in solution and in polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) films, of new nickel heteroleptic donor-acceptor dithiolene complexes are reported here ([Ni(Bn(2)pipdt)L1-4], 1-4). The acceptor dithione system (Bn(2)pipdt = 1,4-dibenzylpiperazine-2,3-dithione) is invariant, whereas the donor dithiolate moiety varies in 1 to 4 (i-mnt = 2,2-dicyanoethylene-1,1-dithiolate) (L1), sqdt = 1,2-dithiosquarate (L2), ddmedt = 1,2-dicarbomethoxyethylene dithiolate (L3), and dddmedt = 5,6-bis(methoxycarbonyl)-1,4-dithiine-2,3-bis(thiolate) (L4). Molecular structural characterization of 1, 3 and 4 points out that the metal center exhibits a square-planar geometry bound by the dithione ligand Bz(2)pipdt, and by three different dithiolate-type ligands. Complexes 1-4 are characterized in the visible region by a peak of moderately strong intensity, which undergoes negative solvatochromism. The molecular quadratic optical nonlinearities were determined in DMF solution by the electric field induced second harmonic generation technique, working with a 1907 nm incident wavelength. The mu beta(1907) values (-680 (1), -855 (2), -1080 (3); and -1180 (4)) (10(-48) esu) were measured, showing that 1-4 exhibit negative second-order polarizabilities whose values depend on the donor ligand. While 1-4 exhibit similar thermolytic behavior, when embedded in a PMMA poled matrix, only 3 maintains second-order NLO properties in the solid state. A good NLO response with a value of the three nonzero coefficients of the second-order susceptibility tensor chi(2)33, chi(2)31, and chi(2)15 = 2.20 +/- 0.44 pm V-1, 0.56 +/- 0.12 pm V-1 and 0.42 +/- 0.08 pm V-1, respectively, was found. According to computational studies, the mu beta(1907) sequence is mainly related to the donor capability of the dithiolate ligands, which affects the HOMO-LUMO energy gap (2.05 (1), 1.80 (2), 1.56 (3), and 1.36 (4) eV), and it can thus modulate the position of the low-energy absorption and related properties in the series.
Design of Nickel Donor-Acceptor Dithiolenes for 2nd order Nonlinear Optics. Experimental and Computational study / S.S. Attar, L. Marchio', L. Pilia, M.F.F. Casula, D. Espa, A. Serpe, M. Pizzotti, D. Marinotto, P. Deplano. - In: NEW JOURNAL OF CHEMISTRY. - ISSN 1144-0546. - 43:32(2019 Aug 28), pp. 12570-12579.
|Titolo:||Design of Nickel Donor-Acceptor Dithiolenes for 2nd order Nonlinear Optics. Experimental and Computational study|
PIZZOTTI, MADDALENA [Membro del Collaboration Group]
MARINOTTO, DANIELE (Penultimo) [Membro del Collaboration Group]
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore CHIM/03 - Chimica Generale e Inorganica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||28-ago-2019|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/C9NJ02976A|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|