TiO2 and 1% Au/TiO2 powders, synthesised by flame spray pyrolysis and possessing high specific surface area (106 m2 g 1) and anatase content (ca. 90%), were tested as photocatalysts in hydrogen production frommethanol photoreforming, employing a closed recirculation apparatus. The irradiated photoreactor consisted either in a quartz vessel containing an aqueous suspension of the photocatalyst, or in a newly set-up Plexiglas cell, containing the same amount of catalyst immobilised on quartz grains, which was continuously fed with methanol/water vapours. The gas-phase composition during irradiation was analysed by gas chromatography and quadrupolar mass spectrometry, which allowed the identification of formaldehyde as the only intermediate species. The photocatalytic activity of the flame-made materials was higher than that of commercial Degussa P25 TiO2 and of 1% Au/P25 obtained via deposition of preformed gold nanoparticles on P25. In particular, a 30 times higher photocatalytic hydrogen production was obtained upon gold addition to TiO2. Furthermore, a 30% higher reaction rate was attained with the vapour phase reactor, i.e. in the absence of liquid-phase mass transfer rate limitations, ensuring the production of up to 10.2 mmol of H2 h- 1 g- 1, with an apparent photon efficiency of 6.3%.
|Titolo:||Photocatalytic hydrogen production by liquid- and gas-phase reforming of CH3OH over flame-made TiO2 and Au/TiO2|
|Autori interni:||SELLI, ELENA (Ultimo)|
CHIARELLO, GIAN LUCA (Primo)
FORNI, LUCIO (Secondo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore CHIM/02 - Chimica Fisica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2009|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.cattod.2009.01.023|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|
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