Breast carcinoma is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in women. The study of bone pathologies presents considerable potential in anthropology, paleopathology, forensic science and medicine. In this paper, we present and discuss metastatic lesions found in the skeletons of known individuals from the CAL Milano Cemetery Skeletal Collection, clinically diagnosed with breast cancer during life. Fourteen skeletons from a contemporary and identified collection were macroscopically studied and metastases were identified by comparison with clinical literature. As a result, bone metastases were observed in 43% of the study sample. They were located most commonly on the ribs (28.1%), pelvic girdle (19.8%), vertebrae (15.6%), skull (15.6%), scapulae (10.2%) as well as proximal segment of the femora (8.4%) and humeri (2.4%) respectively, favoring sites of high vascularization. The majority of the lesions were osteolytic, although osteoblastic and mixed metastases did occur. Osteolytic metastases appear as coalescent porosity or round to oval perforating lesions on bones with denticulated margins and pitted surrounding bone, whereas osteoblastic metastases thickened the existing trabecula (spongiosclerosis). Mixed metastases were perforating lytic lesions exposing the osteoblastic activity in the underlying trabecular bone. These results, consistent with the data from the literature, strengthen the diagnostic criteria for metastases and illustrate the aspect of bone metastases in breast carcinoma.
The appearance of breast cancer metastases on dry bone : implications for forensic anthropology / L. Biehler-Gomez, G. Giordano, C. Cattaneo. - In: JOURNAL OF FORENSIC AND LEGAL MEDICINE. - ISSN 1752-928X. - 61(2019 Feb), pp. 5-12.
|Titolo:||The appearance of breast cancer metastases on dry bone : implications for forensic anthropology|
BIEHLER GOMEZ, LUCIE (Primo) (Corresponding)
CATTANEO, CRISTINA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Bone metastases; Bone pathology; Breast cancer; Forensic anthropology; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Bone Neoplasms; Breast Neoplasms; Female; Forensic Anthropology; Humans; Middle Aged; Osteoblasts; Osteolysis|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/08 - Antropologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||feb-2019|
|Data ahead of print / Data di stampa:||ott-2018|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2018.10.007|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|