BackgroundCongenital Cytomegalovirus (cCMV) is the most common cause of non-genetic hearing loss in childhood. A newborn hearing screening program (NHSP) is currently running in Italy, but no universal cCMV nor statewide hearing-targeted CMV screening programs have been implemented yet.This observational monocentric study was aimed at estimating the rate of cCMV infections identified by CMV-DNA analysis on Dried Blood Spots (DBS) samples in deaf children identified via NHSP in Northern Italy in the period spanning from 2014 to 2018.MethodsChildren with a confirmed diagnosis of deafness and investigated for CMV-DNA by nucleic acid extraction and in-house polymerase-chain reaction (PCR) on stored newborns screening cards (DBS-test) were included in this study. Deafness was defined by a hearing threshold >= 20 decibel(dBHL) by Auditory Brainstem Responses (ABR); all investigated DBS samples were collected within 3days of life.ResultsOverall, 82 children were included (median age: 3.4months; lower-upper quartiles: 2-5.3months; males: 60.9%). Most of them (70.7%) presented bilateral hearing loss with a symmetrical pattern in 79.3% of the cases. ABR thresholds were >= 70dB HL (severe/profound deafness) in 46.5% of children. Among all tested children, 6.1% resulted positive for cCMV. The rate of severe/profound deafness was statistically higher in children with cCMV infection.ConclusionsThe addition of DBS-test to the NHSP allowed the identification, in their first months of life, of a cCMV infection in 6.1% of children who had failed NHS. The introduction of a targeted CMV screening strategy could help clinicians in the differential diagnosis and in the babies' management. DBS samples can be considered a universal newborns biobank: their storage site and duration should be the subject of political decision-making.

Diagnosis of congenital CMV infection via DBS samples testing and neonatal hearing screening: an observational study in Italy / L. Pellegrinelli, C. Galli, V. Primache, M. Alde', E. Fagnani, F. Di Berardino, D. Zanetti, E. Pariani, U. Ambrosetti, S. Binda. - In: BMC INFECTIOUS DISEASES. - ISSN 1471-2334. - 19:1(2019 Jul 22).

Diagnosis of congenital CMV infection via DBS samples testing and neonatal hearing screening: an observational study in Italy

Pellegrinelli, Laura;Galli, Cristina;Primache, Valeria;Alde', Mirko;Fagnani, Enrico;Di Berardino, Federica;Pariani, Elena;Ambrosetti, Umberto;Binda, Sandro
2019-07-22

Abstract

BackgroundCongenital Cytomegalovirus (cCMV) is the most common cause of non-genetic hearing loss in childhood. A newborn hearing screening program (NHSP) is currently running in Italy, but no universal cCMV nor statewide hearing-targeted CMV screening programs have been implemented yet.This observational monocentric study was aimed at estimating the rate of cCMV infections identified by CMV-DNA analysis on Dried Blood Spots (DBS) samples in deaf children identified via NHSP in Northern Italy in the period spanning from 2014 to 2018.MethodsChildren with a confirmed diagnosis of deafness and investigated for CMV-DNA by nucleic acid extraction and in-house polymerase-chain reaction (PCR) on stored newborns screening cards (DBS-test) were included in this study. Deafness was defined by a hearing threshold >= 20 decibel(dBHL) by Auditory Brainstem Responses (ABR); all investigated DBS samples were collected within 3days of life.ResultsOverall, 82 children were included (median age: 3.4months; lower-upper quartiles: 2-5.3months; males: 60.9%). Most of them (70.7%) presented bilateral hearing loss with a symmetrical pattern in 79.3% of the cases. ABR thresholds were >= 70dB HL (severe/profound deafness) in 46.5% of children. Among all tested children, 6.1% resulted positive for cCMV. The rate of severe/profound deafness was statistically higher in children with cCMV infection.ConclusionsThe addition of DBS-test to the NHSP allowed the identification, in their first months of life, of a cCMV infection in 6.1% of children who had failed NHS. The introduction of a targeted CMV screening strategy could help clinicians in the differential diagnosis and in the babies' management. DBS samples can be considered a universal newborns biobank: their storage site and duration should be the subject of political decision-making.
Congenital Cytomegalovirus; Dried blood spot; Hearing loss; Neonatal hearing screening program
Settore MED/42 - Igiene Generale e Applicata
Settore MED/32 - Audiologia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/668537
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