The fate of macromolecules of biological or pharmacological interest that enter the mucus barrier is a current field of investigation. Studies of the interaction between the main constituent of mucus, mucins, and molecules involved in topical transmucoidal drug or gene delivery is a prerequisite for nanomedicine design. We studied the interaction of mucin with the bio-inspired arginine-derived amphoteric polymer D,L-ARGO7 by applying complementary techniques. Small angle X-ray scattering in bulk unveiled the formation of hundreds of nanometer-sized clusters, phase separated from the mucin mesh. Quartz microbalance with dissipation and neutron reflectometry measurements on thin mucin layers deposited on silica supports highlighted the occurrence of polymer interaction with mucin on the molecular scale. Rinsing procedures on both experimental set ups showed that interaction induces alteration of the deposited hydrogel. We succeeded in building up a new significant model for epithelial tissues covered by mucus, obtaining the deposition of a mucin layer 20 Å thick on the top of a glycolipid enriched phospholipid single membrane, suitable to be investigated by neutron reflectometry. The model is applicable to unveil the cross structural details of mucus-covered epithelia in interaction with macromolecules within the Å discreteness.
Mucin Thin Layers : a Model for Mucus-Covered Tissues / V.M. Rondelli, E. Di Cola, A. Koutsioubas, J. Alongi, P. Ferruti, E. Ranucci, P. Brocca. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES. - ISSN 1661-6596. - 20:15(2019), pp. 3712.1-3712.15.
|Titolo:||Mucin Thin Layers : a Model for Mucus-Covered Tissues|
RONDELLI, VALERIA MARIA (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||mucin; mucus; model membrane; X-ray scattering; neutron reflectivity; quartz crystal microbalance; amphoteric polymers; polyamidoamine|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore CHIM/04 - Chimica Industriale|
Settore FIS/07 - Fisica Applicata(Beni Culturali, Ambientali, Biol.e Medicin)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms20153712|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|