Objectives To explore treatment behaviours in a cohort of Italian patients with hereditary angioedema due to complement C1-inhibitor deficiency (C1-INH-HAE), and to estimate how effects and costs of treating attacks in routine practice differed across available on-demand treatments. Design Cost analyses and survival analyses using attack-level data collected prospectively for 1 year. Setting National reference centre for C1-INH-HAE. Participants 167 patients with proved diagnosis of C1-INH-HAE, who reported data on angioedema attacks, including severity, localisation and duration, treatment received, and use of other healthcare services. Interventions Attacks were treated with either icatibant, plasma-derived C1-INH (pdC1-INH) or just supportive care. Main outcome measures Treatment efficacy in reducing attack duration and the direct costs of acute attacks. Results Overall, 133 of 167 patients (79.6%) reported 1508 attacks during the study period, with mean incidence of 11 attacks per patient per year. Only 78.9% of attacks were treated in contrast to current guidelines. Both icatibant and pdC1-INH significantly reduced attack duration compared with no treatment (median times from onset 7, 10 and 47 hours, respectively), but remission rates with icatibant were 31% faster compared with pdC1-INH (HR 1.31, 95% CI 1.14 to 1.51). However, observed treatment behaviours suggest patterns of suboptimal dosing for pdC1-INH. The average cost per attack was €1183 (SD €789) resulting in €1.58 million healthcare costs during the observation period (€11 912 per patient per year). Icatibant was 54% more expensive than pdC1-INH, whereas age, sex and prophylactic treatment were not associated to higher or lower costs. Conclusions Both icatibant and pdC1-INH significantly reduced attack duration compared with no treatment, however, icatibant was more effective but also more expensive. Treatment behaviours and suboptimal dosing of pdC1-INH may account for the differences, but further research is needed to define their role.

Costs and effects of on-demand treatment of hereditary angioedema in Italy : a prospective cohort study of 167 patients / C. Federici, F. Perego, L. Borsoi, V. Crosta, A. Zanichelli, A. Gidaro, R. Tarricone, M. Cicardi. - In: BMJ OPEN. - ISSN 2044-6055. - 8:7(2018), pp. e022291.1-e022291.9. [10.1136/bmjopen-2018-022291]

Costs and effects of on-demand treatment of hereditary angioedema in Italy : a prospective cohort study of 167 patients

Zanichelli A.;Gidaro A.;Cicardi M.
2018

Abstract

Objectives To explore treatment behaviours in a cohort of Italian patients with hereditary angioedema due to complement C1-inhibitor deficiency (C1-INH-HAE), and to estimate how effects and costs of treating attacks in routine practice differed across available on-demand treatments. Design Cost analyses and survival analyses using attack-level data collected prospectively for 1 year. Setting National reference centre for C1-INH-HAE. Participants 167 patients with proved diagnosis of C1-INH-HAE, who reported data on angioedema attacks, including severity, localisation and duration, treatment received, and use of other healthcare services. Interventions Attacks were treated with either icatibant, plasma-derived C1-INH (pdC1-INH) or just supportive care. Main outcome measures Treatment efficacy in reducing attack duration and the direct costs of acute attacks. Results Overall, 133 of 167 patients (79.6%) reported 1508 attacks during the study period, with mean incidence of 11 attacks per patient per year. Only 78.9% of attacks were treated in contrast to current guidelines. Both icatibant and pdC1-INH significantly reduced attack duration compared with no treatment (median times from onset 7, 10 and 47 hours, respectively), but remission rates with icatibant were 31% faster compared with pdC1-INH (HR 1.31, 95% CI 1.14 to 1.51). However, observed treatment behaviours suggest patterns of suboptimal dosing for pdC1-INH. The average cost per attack was €1183 (SD €789) resulting in €1.58 million healthcare costs during the observation period (€11 912 per patient per year). Icatibant was 54% more expensive than pdC1-INH, whereas age, sex and prophylactic treatment were not associated to higher or lower costs. Conclusions Both icatibant and pdC1-INH significantly reduced attack duration compared with no treatment, however, icatibant was more effective but also more expensive. Treatment behaviours and suboptimal dosing of pdC1-INH may account for the differences, but further research is needed to define their role.
cost-analysis; health economics; hereditary angioedema; icatibant; PDC1-INH
Settore MED/09 - Medicina Interna
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/667155
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