Oocyte cryopreservation in carnivores can significantly improve assisted reproductive technologies in animal breeding and preservation programs for endangered species. However, the cooling process severely affects the integrity and the survival of the oocyte after thawing and may irreversibly compromise its subsequent developmental capability. In this present study, two different methods of oocyte cryopreservation, slow freezing and vitrification, were evaluated in order to assess which of them proved more suitable for preserving the functional coupling with cumulus cells as well as nuclear and cytoplasmic competence after warming of immature feline oocytes. From a total of 422 cumulus enclosed oocytes (COCs) obtained from queens after ovariectomy, 137 were stored by vitrification in open pulled straws, 147 by slow freezing and 138 untreated oocytes were used as controls. Immediately after collection and then after warming, functional coupling was assessed by lucifer yellow injection and groups of fresh and cryopreserved oocytes were fixed to analyze tubulin and actin distribution, and chromatin organization. Finally, COCs cryopreserved with both treatments were matured in vitro after warming. In most cases, oocytes cryopreserved by slow freezing showed a cytoskeletal distribution similar to control oocytes, while the process of vitrification induced a loss of organization of cytoskeletal elements. The slow freezing protocol ensured a significantly higher percentage of COCs with functionally open and partially open communications (37.2 vs. 19.0) and higher maturational capability (32.5 vs. 14.1) compared to vitrified oocytes. We conclude that although both protocols impaired intercellular junctions, slow freezing represents a suitable method of GV stage cat oocytes banking since it more efficiently preserves the functional coupling with cumulus cells after thawing as well as nuclear and cytoplasmic competence. Further studies are needed to technically overcome the damage induced by the cryopreservation procedures on immature mammalian oocytes.
Effect of different cryopreservation protocols on cytoskeleton and gap junction mediated communication integrity in feline germinal vesicle stage oocytes / A.M. Luciano, S. Chigioni, V. Lodde, F. Franciosi, G.C. Luvoni, S.C. Modina. - In: CRYOBIOLOGY. - ISSN 0011-2240. - 59:1(2009), pp. 90-95.
|Titolo:||Effect of different cryopreservation protocols on cytoskeleton and gap junction mediated communication integrity in feline germinal vesicle stage oocytes|
LUCIANO, ALBERTO MARIA (Primo)
CHIGIONI, SARA (Secondo)
LUVONI, GAIA CECILIA (Penultimo)
MODINA, SILVIA CLOTILDE (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Actin; Banking; Cat; Cytoskeleton; Gap junctions; Meiosis; Oocyte; Slow freezing; Tubulin; Vitrification|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore VET/10 - Clinica Ostetrica e Ginecologia Veterinaria|
Settore VET/01 - Anatomia degli Animali Domestici
|Data di pubblicazione:||2009|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cryobiol.2009.05.002|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|