Objective: To examine the validity, reliability and usefulness of the Spinal Cord Independence Measure for the UK spinal cord injury population. Design: Multi-centre cohort study. Setting: Four UK regional spinal cord injury centres. Subjects: Eighty-six people with spinal cord injury. Interventions: Spinal Cord Independence Measure and Functional Independence Measure on admission analysed using inferential statistics, and Rasch analysis of Spinal Cord Independence Measure. Main outcome measures: Internal consistency, inter-rater reliability, discriminant validity; Spinal Cord Independence Measure subscale match between distribution of item difficulty and patient ability measurements; reliability of patient ability measures; fit of data to Rasch model; unidimensionality of subscales; hierarchical ordering of categories within items; differential item functioning across patient groups. Results: Scale reliability (kappa coefficients range 0.491–0.835; (p < 0.001)), internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha 0.770 and 0.780 for raters), and validity (Pearson correlation; p < 0.01) were all significant. Spinal Cord Independence Measure subscales compatible with stringent Rasch requirements; mean infit indices high; distinct strata of abilities identified; most thresholds ordered; item hierarchy stable across clinical groups and centres. Misfit and differences in item hierarchy identified. Difficulties assessing central cord injuries highlighted. Conclusion: Conventional statistical and Rasch analyses justify the use of the Spinal Cord Independence Measure in clinical practice and research in the UK. Cross-cultural validity may be further improved.
|Titolo:||Spinal cord independence measure, version III : applicability to the UK spinal cord injured population|
TESIO, LUIGI (Secondo)
|Parole Chiave:||Rehabilitation; Spinal cord injuries; Statistics|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/34 - Medicina Fisica e Riabilitativa|
|Data di pubblicazione:||set-2009|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.2340/16501977-0398|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|