We show that electron emission from a relaxer ferroelectric cathode varies with the temperature as the dielectric constant. Consequently, there is no variation when the material makes the antiferroparaelectric phase transition. In addition, we have found that the emission increases with the polarizability of the material. The emission is originated by an induced change of the normal and/or spontaneous polarization. The maximum efficiency of the process, that is the ratio between the emitted charge of energetic electrons and the charge supplied to the sample by the excitation pulse, resulted in about 20%. The good emission of energetic electrons from a ceramic cathode at few hundred degrees temperature, makes this kind of cathode a proper electron injector for ion sources.
|Titolo:||Emission from ferroelectric cathodes versus temperature and the relevant physics|
|Autori interni:||CIALDI, SIMONE (Ultimo)|
BOSCOLO, ILARIO (Primo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore FIS/01 - Fisica Sperimentale|
|Data di pubblicazione:||18-giu-2001|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1063/1.1371249|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|