Purpose: To investigate choriocapillaris (CC) perfusion, by evaluating flow voids (FV), in eyes with intermediate age-related macular degeneration (iAMD) using swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography (SS-OCT-A). Methods: Patients with bilateral or unilateral iAMD and normal controls underwent SS-OCT and OCT-A examination. Choriocapillaris (CC) FVs were quantitatively assessed on OCT-A images using matlab (version 2017b; MathWorks, Natick, MA, USA), after a preprocessing aimed at compensating for CC attenuation artefacts. Three different thresholds [1 standard deviation (SD), 1.25 SD and 1.5 SD] were applied. Final FV percentage (FV%) was calculated as the ratio between area with absent flow and total scanned area. Results: Of 41 patients with iAMD and 16 normal subjects enrolled in the study, 39 eyes (39 patients) with iAMD and all 16 normal eyes (16 control subjects) were included in the final analysis. Mean FV% (1 SD) was 13.45 ± 0.66 in controls, 14.19 ± 1.23 in bilateral iAMD and 14.21 ± 0.99 in unilateral iAMD (p = 0.03, for difference between controls and bilateral iAMD). Mean FV% (1.25 SD) was 6.55 ± 0.65 in controls, 7.33 ± 1.4 in bilateral iAMD and 7.06 ± 1.4 in unilateral iAMD (p = 0.048, for difference between controls and bilateral iAMD). Mean FV% (1.5 SD) was 2.71 ± 0.82 in controls, 2.55 ± 1.12 in bilateral iAMD and 3.25 ± 1.17 in unilateral iAMD (p = 0.038, for difference between bilateral and unilateral iAMD). Conclusion: A significantly higher FV% was found in patients with iAMD versus controls. A higher trend in FV% was found in unilateral iAMD (with neovascular AMD in the fellow eye) versus bilateral iAMD, when applying the lowest threshold. Further, larger and longitudinal studies are needed to confirm this data.
|Titolo:||Quantitative choriocapillaris evaluation in intermediate age-related macular degeneration by swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography|
NUCCI, PAOLO (Penultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||artefacts; choriocapillaris; drusen; flow voids; intermediate age-related macular degeneration; swept-source OCT angiography|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/30 - Malattie Apparato Visivo|
|Data di pubblicazione:||set-2019|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aos.14088|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|