Honeybee pupae morphology can be affected by a number of stressor, but in vivo investigation is difficult. A computed tomography (CT) technique was applied to visualize a comb’s inner structure without damaging the brood. The CT scan was performed on a brood comb containing pupae developed from eggs laid by the queen during a time window of 48 hours. From the CT images, the position of each pupa was determined by recording coordinates to a common reference point. Afterwards, every brood cell was inspected in order to assess the developmental stage of the pupa, the presence of Varroa destructor, the number and progeny of foundress mites. Using data on 651 pupae, the relationships between varroa infestation status, developmental stage and spatial position of the pupa within the brood comb, and its length were investigated. Pupae at 8 post-capping days were shorter than pupae at 7 post-capping days. Pupae in infected cells were significantly shorter than those in varroa-free cells and this effect was linked both to mite number and stage and to the position in the comb. Overall, the results suggest that the CT-scan may represent a suitable non-invasive tool to investigate the morphology and developing status of honeybee brood.

Honeybee pupal length assessed by CT-scan technique : effects of Varroa infestation, developmental stage and spatial position within the brood comb / E. Facchini, L. Nalon, M.E. Andreis, M. Di Giancamillo, R. Rizzi, M. Mortarino. - In: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS. - ISSN 2045-2322. - 9:1(2019), pp. 10614.1-10614.6. [10.1038/s41598-019-46474-4]

Honeybee pupal length assessed by CT-scan technique : effects of Varroa infestation, developmental stage and spatial position within the brood comb

Facchini, Elena;Andreis, Maria Elena;Di Giancamillo, Mauro;Rizzi, Rita;Mortarino, Michele
2019

Abstract

Honeybee pupae morphology can be affected by a number of stressor, but in vivo investigation is difficult. A computed tomography (CT) technique was applied to visualize a comb’s inner structure without damaging the brood. The CT scan was performed on a brood comb containing pupae developed from eggs laid by the queen during a time window of 48 hours. From the CT images, the position of each pupa was determined by recording coordinates to a common reference point. Afterwards, every brood cell was inspected in order to assess the developmental stage of the pupa, the presence of Varroa destructor, the number and progeny of foundress mites. Using data on 651 pupae, the relationships between varroa infestation status, developmental stage and spatial position of the pupa within the brood comb, and its length were investigated. Pupae at 8 post-capping days were shorter than pupae at 7 post-capping days. Pupae in infected cells were significantly shorter than those in varroa-free cells and this effect was linked both to mite number and stage and to the position in the comb. Overall, the results suggest that the CT-scan may represent a suitable non-invasive tool to investigate the morphology and developing status of honeybee brood.
honeybee; pupal length; CT-scan; varroa infestation
Settore VET/06 - Parassitologia e Malattie Parassitarie degli Animali
Settore AGR/17 - Zootecnica Generale e Miglioramento Genetico
Settore VET/09 - Clinica Chirurgica Veterinaria
SCIENTIFIC REPORTS
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/663663
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