Purpose: The purpose of the present study was to compare the outcomes of patients who underwent augmented direct anatomical repair using a Broström-Gould procedure with those who underwent lateral ligament reconstruction using a split peroneus brevis tendon for the treatment of chronic ankle instability. Methods: Forty patients aged 18–40 years underwent surgical treatment for chronic lateral ankle instability between 1997 and 1998: 20 patients underwent direct anatomical repair using Broström-Gould procedure (Group A); 20 patients underwent lateral tenodesis using a split peroneus brevis tendon (Group B). Median age at surgery was 22.6 years (range 18–40). Patients were assessed pre-operatively and 15 years after surgery with functional assessment including AOFAS scale, Karlsson–Peterson score, Tegner activity level, Sefton stability scale, and objective examination comprehending ROM, anterior drawer sign and talar tilt test. Telos Stress equipment was used for pre- and post-operative radiographic laxity testing. Results: No major complications were reported. Mean overall AOFAS, Karlsson–Peterson and Tegner scores significantly increased at follow-up compared to pre-operatory status, although no statistically significant differences concerning these variables were reported between the two groups. Sagittal ROM was full in 36 patients: 4 subjects in the Group B experienced 5 degrees dorsiflexion limitation compared to the contralateral side. Patients treated with lateral tenodesis reported a statistically significant reduction in the values of radiographic anterior talar translation (1.4 mm, SD: 0.9) compared to patients in Group A (5.7 mm, SD: 1.1, p < 0.001). Conclusion: Augmented direct anatomical repair and lateral tenodesis provide satisfying long-term outcomes in terms of subjective and objective parameters up to 15 years from surgery in patients with chronic ankle instability without leading to significant artrhitic changes. Objectively, lateral tenodesis appears to improve more effectively restoration of laxity; the reduced ROM reported in 20% of patients did not considerably affect the overall functional outcome. Level of evidence: Comparative case series, Level III.
Lateral ligament reconstruction and augmented direct anatomical repair restore ligament laxity in patients suffering from chronic ankle instability up to 15 years from surgery / A. Ventura, C. Legnani, C. Corradini, E. Borgo. - In: KNEE SURGERY, SPORTS TRAUMATOLOGY, ARTHROSCOPY. - ISSN 0942-2056. - 28:1(2020 Jan), pp. 202-207.
|Titolo:||Lateral ligament reconstruction and augmented direct anatomical repair restore ligament laxity in patients suffering from chronic ankle instability up to 15 years from surgery|
VENTURA, ALBERTO (Primo)
LEGNANI, CLAUDIO (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||ankle; augmented direct repair; chronic instability; lateral tenodesis|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/33 - Malattie Apparato Locomotore|
|Data di pubblicazione:||gen-2020|
|Data ahead of print / Data di stampa:||30-ott-2018|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00167-018-5244-4|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|
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