Background Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) studies, which allow the in-vivo investigation of brain tissue integrity, have shown that bipolar disorder (BD) patients present signs of white matter dysconnectivity. In parallel, genome-wide association studies (GWAS) identified several risk genetic variants for BD. I Methods In this mini-review, we summarized DTI studies coupling tract-based spatial statistics (TBSS), a reliable technique exploring white matter axon bundles, and genetics in BD. We performed a bibliographic search on PUBMED, using the search terms “TBSS”, “genetics”, “genome”, “genes”, “polymorphism”, “bipolar disorder”. Results Ten studies met these inclusion criteria. ANK3 and ZNF804A polymorphisms have shown the most consistent results, with the risk alleles showing abnormal white matter integrity in patients with BD. Limitations Current studies are limited by the investigation of single SNPs in small and chronically treated samples. Conclusions Most considered TBSS-DTI studies found associations between decreased white matter integrity and genetic risk variants. These results suggest an involvement of dysmyelination in the pathogenesis of BD. The combination of TBSS with genotyping can be powerful to unveil the role of white matter in BD, in conjunction with risk genes. Future DTI studies should combine TBSS and GWAS in large populations of drug-free or minimally treated patients with BD at the onset of the disease.

Association of increased genotypes risk for bipolar disorder with brain white matter integrity investigated with tract-based spatial statistics : Special Section on “Translational and Neuroscience Studies in Affective Disorders”. Section Editor, Maria Nobile MD, PhD. This Section of JAD focuses on the relevance of translational and neuroscience studies in providing a better understanding of the neural basis of affective disorders. The main aim is to briefly summarise relevant research findings in clinical neuroscience with particular regards to specific innovative topics in mood and anxiety disorders / L. Squarcina, J. Houenou, A.C. Altamura, J. Soares, P. Brambilla. - In: JOURNAL OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS. - ISSN 0165-0327. - 221(2017), pp. 312-317. [10.1016/j.jad.2017.06.031]

Association of increased genotypes risk for bipolar disorder with brain white matter integrity investigated with tract-based spatial statistics : Special Section on “Translational and Neuroscience Studies in Affective Disorders”. Section Editor, Maria Nobile MD, PhD. This Section of JAD focuses on the relevance of translational and neuroscience studies in providing a better understanding of the neural basis of affective disorders. The main aim is to briefly summarise relevant research findings in clinical neuroscience with particular regards to specific innovative topics in mood and anxiety disorders

L. Squarcina;A.C. Altamura;P. Brambilla
2017

Abstract

Background Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) studies, which allow the in-vivo investigation of brain tissue integrity, have shown that bipolar disorder (BD) patients present signs of white matter dysconnectivity. In parallel, genome-wide association studies (GWAS) identified several risk genetic variants for BD. I Methods In this mini-review, we summarized DTI studies coupling tract-based spatial statistics (TBSS), a reliable technique exploring white matter axon bundles, and genetics in BD. We performed a bibliographic search on PUBMED, using the search terms “TBSS”, “genetics”, “genome”, “genes”, “polymorphism”, “bipolar disorder”. Results Ten studies met these inclusion criteria. ANK3 and ZNF804A polymorphisms have shown the most consistent results, with the risk alleles showing abnormal white matter integrity in patients with BD. Limitations Current studies are limited by the investigation of single SNPs in small and chronically treated samples. Conclusions Most considered TBSS-DTI studies found associations between decreased white matter integrity and genetic risk variants. These results suggest an involvement of dysmyelination in the pathogenesis of BD. The combination of TBSS with genotyping can be powerful to unveil the role of white matter in BD, in conjunction with risk genes. Future DTI studies should combine TBSS and GWAS in large populations of drug-free or minimally treated patients with BD at the onset of the disease.
Bipolar disorder; Diffusion tensor imaging; Polymorphisms; Tract-based spatial statistics
Settore MED/25 - Psichiatria
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/659902
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