We investigate the electrospinning of small molecules, specifically designed peptide derivatives of the pyrazole-isothiazole scaffold. Such non-natural peptides enhance the spectrum of fundamental materials used for electrospinning. Unlike standard electrospun materials, our peptides are not polymeric, but able to aggregate in solution and especially during processing. They contain donor/acceptor groups that can form hydrogen bonds, and groups that are able to generate pi-stacking interactions, which are known as important requirements for assembly processes. The pyrazole-isothiazole derivatives were synthesized by means of a 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition reaction, which is completely regioselective, affording only one isomer. We demonstrate that our compounds can be electrospun from fluoroalcohol solution into solid, quasi-endless micro- and nanofibers. The electrospinnability varies substantially, depending on the amino acids linked to the scaffold. Some compounds provide only short fibers, while Fmoc-glycyl-(N-benzyl)-pyrazole-isothiazole-tert-butyl carboxylate-1,1-dioxide forms continuous, homogenous, and bead-free fibers (droplet-like beads are a common problem in electrospinning). We analyzed the compounds and the fibers with various spectroscopic techniques (MS, IR and Raman). Electrospinning does not change chemical composition and configuration, suggesting the monomeric form of the compounds even in the fibers. Interestingly, we found that the stereochemistry of the scaffold can affect the ability of the peptide to be electrospun.
Electrospinning of pyrazole-isothiazole derivatives: nanofibers from small molecules / S. Locarno, A. Eleta-Lopez, M.G. Lupo, M.L. Gelmi, F. Clerici, A.M. Bittner. - In: RSC ADVANCES. - ISSN 2046-2069. - 9:36(2019), pp. 20565-20572.
|Titolo:||Electrospinning of pyrazole-isothiazole derivatives: nanofibers from small molecules|
CLERICI, FRANCESCA (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||amino-acid; peptides; protein|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore CHIM/06 - Chimica Organica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c9ra02486g|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|