Thermotolerant Campylobacter spp. are frequently the cause of human gastroenteritis and have assumed more importance in Italy following the increased consumption of raw milk. Our objectives were to determine the prevalence and genotypes of Campylobacter spp. in dairy herds and to investigate the possible sources of bulk milk contamination. Bulk milk from dairy herds (n = 282) was cultured for Campylobacter spp. and Enterobacteriaceae. At three Campylobacter jejuni-positive farms, bovine feces, pigeon intestines, milk, and water points were also investigated. Isolates were identified by PCR and genotyped using multilocus sequence typing (MLST). C. jejuni was detected in 34 (12%) bulk milk samples. The strains belonged to 14 sequence types, and the most common clonal complexes were CC-21, CC-48, and CC-403. No association was demonstrated between the presence of C. jejuni and high levels of Enterobacteriaceae in bulk milk. At the three farms examined, C. jejuni was isolated from bovine feces (25/82 [30.5%]), pigeon intestines (13/60 [21.7%]), bulk milk (10/24 [41.7%]), and water points (4/16 [25%]). MLST revealed lineages that were common between milk and bovine feces but distinct between cattle and pigeons. In one herd, C. jejuni with the same genotype was isolated repeatedly from bulk milk and a cow with an udder infection. Our results showed a high prevalence of C. jejuni in bulk milk and suggested that udder excretion, in addition to fecal matter, may be a route of bulk milk contamination. MLST analysis indicated that pigeons are probably not relevant for the transmission of C. jejuni to cattle and for milk contamination.
Prevalence in bulk tank milk and epidemiology of Campylobacter jejuni in dairy herds in Northern Italy / V. Bianchini, L. Borella, V. Benedetti, A. Parisi, A. Miccolupo, E. Santoro, C. Recordati, M. Luini. - In: APPLIED AND ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY. - ISSN 0099-2240. - 80:6(2014), pp. 1832-1837.
|Titolo:||Prevalence in bulk tank milk and epidemiology of Campylobacter jejuni in dairy herds in Northern Italy|
RECORDATI, CAMILLA (Penultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Animals; Campylobacter Infections; Campylobacter jejuni; Cattle; Columbidae; DNA, Bacterial; Enterobacteriaceae; Feces; Genotype; Italy; Milk; Molecular Epidemiology; Multilocus Sequence Typing; Polymerase Chain Reaction; Prevalence|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore VET/03 - Patologia Generale e Anatomia Patologica Veterinaria|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/AEM.03784-13|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|