Ribosomes are fundamental components of the cell that are essential for its growth and proliferation. It is hard to imagine that such a fundamental physiological machinery, as ribosomes, does not participate in cancer biology. However, surprisingly, there is a lack of studies towards the role of ribosomal alterations in cancer. Here, we will attempt to summarize current knowledge regarding the link between the ribosomal machinery and human cancer. Various malfunctions in ribosomal activity represented by defects in ribosome biogenesis have been associated with human disease. Recent studies performed both in yeast and in higher eukaryotes have linked various aspects of ribosome biogenesis to the control of cell growth and proliferation. It is now clear that disruption of ribosome biogenesis is a cause of several inherited genetic disorders that have been associated with an increased risk of tumor development. In this chapter we discuss some recent insights into the mechanisms by which alterations in ribosome biogenesis contribute to the biology of cancer.

Ribosomes / S. Ricciardi, F. Loreni - In: Translation and Its Regulation in Cancer Biology and Medicine / [a cura di] A. Parsyan. - [s.l] : Springer, 2014. - ISBN 9789401790772. - pp. 267-278 [10.1007/978-94-017-9078-9_13]

Ribosomes

Ricciardi S;
2014

Abstract

Ribosomes are fundamental components of the cell that are essential for its growth and proliferation. It is hard to imagine that such a fundamental physiological machinery, as ribosomes, does not participate in cancer biology. However, surprisingly, there is a lack of studies towards the role of ribosomal alterations in cancer. Here, we will attempt to summarize current knowledge regarding the link between the ribosomal machinery and human cancer. Various malfunctions in ribosomal activity represented by defects in ribosome biogenesis have been associated with human disease. Recent studies performed both in yeast and in higher eukaryotes have linked various aspects of ribosome biogenesis to the control of cell growth and proliferation. It is now clear that disruption of ribosome biogenesis is a cause of several inherited genetic disorders that have been associated with an increased risk of tumor development. In this chapter we discuss some recent insights into the mechanisms by which alterations in ribosome biogenesis contribute to the biology of cancer.
Cance;r MYC proto-oncogene; Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS); p53 tumor suppressor; Protein synthesis; Ribosomal protein; Ribosome; Ribosomopathy – Translation
Settore BIO/06 - Anatomia Comparata e Citologia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/657494
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