Structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies reported gray matter (GM) loss in bipolar disorder (BD) in cingulate cortices, key regions subserving emotional regulation and cognitive functions in humans. The aim of this study was to further explore cingulate GM volumes in a sizeable group of BD patients with respect to healthy controls, particularly investigating the impact of gender and clinical variables. 39 BD patients (mean Age = 48.6 ± 9.7, 15 males and 24 females) and 39 demographically matched healthy subjects (mean Age = 47.9 ± 9.1, 15 males and 24 females) underwent a 1.5T MRI scan. GM volumes within the cingulate cortex were manually detected, including anterior and posterior regions. BD patients had decreased left anterior cingulate volumes compared with healthy controls (F = 6.7, p = 0.01). Additionally, a significant gender effect was observed, with male patients showing reduced left anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) volumes compared to healthy controls (F = 5.1, p = 0.03). Furthermore, a significant inverse correlation between right ACC volumes and number of hospitalizations were found in the whole group of BD patients (r = - 0.51, p = 0.04) and in male BD patients (r = - 0.88, p = 0.04). Finally, no statistically significant correlations were observed in female BD patients. Our findings further confirm the putative role of the ACC in the pathophysiology of BD. Interestingly, this study also suggested the presence of gender-specific GM volume reductions in ACC in BD, which may also be associated to poor outcome.
Cingulate abnormalities in bipolar disorder relate to gender and outcome: a voxel-based morphometry study / G. Delvecchio, V. Ciappolino, C. Perlini, M. Barillari, M. Ruggeri, A.C. Altamura, M. Bellani, P. Brambilla. - In: EUROPEAN ARCHIVES OF PSYCHIATRY AND CLINICAL NEUROSCIENCE. - ISSN 0940-1334. - 269:7(2019 Oct 01), pp. 777-784.
|Titolo:||Cingulate abnormalities in bipolar disorder relate to gender and outcome: a voxel-based morphometry study|
DELVECCHIO, GIUSEPPE (Primo)
BRAMBILLA, PAOLO (Ultimo) (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||Gray matter; Hospitalizations; Illness severity; Mood disorders; Outcome|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/25 - Psichiatria|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1-ott-2019|
|Data ahead of print / Data di stampa:||28-mar-2018|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00406-018-0887-1|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|