Purpose: To determine whether a prolonged 12-day continuous infusion allows the administration of high-dose ifosfamide (IFO) with an acceptable toxicity profile when combined with full-dose doxorubicin (AdriamycinÂ®; ADM) as first-line chemotherapy in patients with advanced soft tissue sarcomas. Patients and methods: Escalating doses of continuous infusion IFO (8-15 g/m 2) given on days 1 to 12 in combination with ADM 75 mg/m 2 given on day 8 and prophylactic granulocyte colony-stimulating factor support were administered every 4 weeks to 35 chemonaÃ¯ve patients with advanced soft tissue sarcomas. Results: The maximum tolerated dose was IFO 15 g/m 2. Hematological toxicity was the main dose-limiting toxicity and was dose dependent. Furthermore, thrombocytopenia was cumulative. Grade 4 (WHO) neutropenia and thrombocytopenia were recorded in 48% and 14% of courses, respectively. Eight patients experienced febrile neutropenia. A partial response was observed in 16 out of 30 assessable patients [53%, 95% confidence interval (CI) 25-63]; median time to progression was 25 weeks (range 4-91). Conclusions: This study proved that a prolonged 12-day continuous infusion allows an increase in the total IFO dose that can be safely combined with ADM. A multicentric phase II study by the Italian Sarcoma Group to assess its antitumor activity is currently ongoing in patients with advanced soft tissue sarcomas.
Phase I study of twelve-day prolonged infusion of high-dose ifosfamide and doxorubicin as first-line chemotherapy in adult patients with advanced soft tissue sarcomas / T. De Pas, G. Curigliano, G. Masci, C. Catania, A. Comandone, C. Boni, A. Tucci, O. Pagani, E. Marrocco, F. de Braud, G. Italian Sarcoma. - In: ANNALS OF ONCOLOGY. - ISSN 0923-7534. - 13:1(2002), pp. 161-166.
|Titolo:||Phase I study of twelve-day prolonged infusion of high-dose ifosfamide and doxorubicin as first-line chemotherapy in adult patients with advanced soft tissue sarcomas|
|Parole Chiave:||chemotherapy; continuous infusion; high dose; ifosfamide; soft tissue sarcomas|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/06 - Oncologia Medica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2002|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/annonc/mdf004|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|