The effects of fluvastatin, a synthetic hydroxymethylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) inhibitor, on the biosynthesis of tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) and of its major physiological inhibitor (plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1, PAI-1) were investigated in cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC). Fluvastatin (0.1 to 2.5 microM), concentration-dependently reduced the release of PAI-1 antigen by unstimulated HUVEC, subsequent to a reduction in PAI-1 steady-state mRNA levels and de novo protein synthesis. In contrast, it increased t-PA secretion. The drug also reduced PAI-1 antigen secreted in response to 10 microg/ml bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS), 100 U/ml tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) or 0.1 microM phorbol myristate acetate (PMA). Mevalonate (100 microM), a precursor of isoprenoids, added to cells simultaneously with fluvastatin, suppressed the effect of the drug on PAI-1 both in unstimulated and stimulated cells as well as on t-PA antigen. Among intermediates of the isoprenoid pathway, all-transgeranylgeraniol (5 microM) but not farnesol (10 microM) prevented the effect of 2.5 microM fluvastatin on PAI-1 antigen, which suggests that the former intermediate of the isoprenoid synthesis is responsible for the observed effects.

Fluvastatin inhibits basal and stimulated plasminogen activator inhibitor 1, but induces tissue type plasminogen activator in cultured human endothelial cells / L. Mussoni, C. Banfi, L. Sironi, M. Arpaia, E. Tremoli. - In: THROMBOSIS AND HAEMOSTASIS. - ISSN 0340-6245. - 84:1(2000 Jul), pp. 59-64.

Fluvastatin inhibits basal and stimulated plasminogen activator inhibitor 1, but induces tissue type plasminogen activator in cultured human endothelial cells

L. Mussoni;C. Banfi;L. Sironi;E. Tremoli
2000-07

Abstract

The effects of fluvastatin, a synthetic hydroxymethylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) inhibitor, on the biosynthesis of tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) and of its major physiological inhibitor (plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1, PAI-1) were investigated in cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC). Fluvastatin (0.1 to 2.5 microM), concentration-dependently reduced the release of PAI-1 antigen by unstimulated HUVEC, subsequent to a reduction in PAI-1 steady-state mRNA levels and de novo protein synthesis. In contrast, it increased t-PA secretion. The drug also reduced PAI-1 antigen secreted in response to 10 microg/ml bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS), 100 U/ml tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) or 0.1 microM phorbol myristate acetate (PMA). Mevalonate (100 microM), a precursor of isoprenoids, added to cells simultaneously with fluvastatin, suppressed the effect of the drug on PAI-1 both in unstimulated and stimulated cells as well as on t-PA antigen. Among intermediates of the isoprenoid pathway, all-transgeranylgeraniol (5 microM) but not farnesol (10 microM) prevented the effect of 2.5 microM fluvastatin on PAI-1 antigen, which suggests that the former intermediate of the isoprenoid synthesis is responsible for the observed effects.
plasminogen activator; endothelial cells; 3-hydroxy-3-methyl-glutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitor; isoprenoids
Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/654375
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