Recent studies have demonstrated the possibility to detect genetic changes in plasma DNA of cancer patients. The goal of this study was to validate a panel of molecular markers for lung cancer detection in plasma DNA. Three markers, p53, FHIT and microsatellite alterations at loci on chromosome 3, were used to detect mutations in tumor and plasma DNA of 64 stage I-III non small cell lung cancer patients. p53 mutations were studied by direct sequencing of exons 5 through 8 in tumor DNA and by plaque hybridization assay and sequencing in plasma DNA. Allelic losses were evaluated by fluorescent PCR in tumor and plasma DNA. p53 genomic mutations were detected in 26 (40.6%) of 64 tumor DNA samples and the identical mutation was identified in plasma of 19 (73.1%) of them. Microsatellite alterations at FHIT and 3p loci were observed in 40 (62.5%) tumors and in 23 (35.9%) plasma samples. Of the 40 patients showing microsatellite alterations in tumors, 19 (47.5%) displayed the same change in plasma DNA. At least 1 of the 3 genetic markers (p53, FHIT and 3p) was altered in plasma of 51.6% of all patients and 60.7% of stage I patients. Moreover, genetic markers in plasma identified 29 of 45 (64.4%) of all stages and 15 of 22 (68.2%) of stage I patients whose tumors had an alteration. These results provide the proof of principle that plasma DNA alterations are tumor-specific in most cases and support blood testing as a noninvasive strategy for early detection. Copyright 2003 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
|Titolo:||Detecting lung cancer in plasma with the use of multiple genetic markers|
|Parole Chiave:||lung cancer ; early detection ; genetic markers ; p53 ; FHIT|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2004|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1002/ijc.11510|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|