This pilot study provides a conceptual framework for the application of the anthropological analysis of skeletal features and surgical interventions for the purpose of identification in cases of unknown deceased individuals with unavailable fingerprint, genetic or odontological antemortem data. The study sample includes 276 individuals with known demographic and clinical information from the Italian CAL Milano Cemetery Skeletal Collection. In the sample, 124 (45%) individuals showed one or more skeletal features that may be potentially individualizing. Of these, 79% showed two and more features, which occurred in a multitude of different combinations. Skeletal findings may provide useful postmortem information that can be compared with antemortem witness statements and clinical imaging. However, more research into the utility of dry bone findings and the availability of comparative material, including imaging, and epidemiological data needs to be undertaken before skeletal features can be implemented into identification protocols and databases.

The Utility of Skeletal and Surgical Features for the Personal Identification Process : a Pilot Study / A. Cappella, D. Gibelli, Z. Obertová, M. Cummaudo, E. Castoldi, D. De Angelis, C. Sforza, C. Cattaneo. - In: JOURNAL OF FORENSIC SCIENCES. - ISSN 0022-1198. - 64:6(2019 Nov), pp. 1796-1802. [10.1111/1556-4029.14117]

The Utility of Skeletal and Surgical Features for the Personal Identification Process : a Pilot Study

A. Cappella
Primo
;
D. Gibelli
Secondo
;
Z. Obertová
;
M. Cummaudo;E. Castoldi;D. De Angelis;C. Sforza
Penultimo
;
C. Cattaneo
Ultimo
2019-11

Abstract

This pilot study provides a conceptual framework for the application of the anthropological analysis of skeletal features and surgical interventions for the purpose of identification in cases of unknown deceased individuals with unavailable fingerprint, genetic or odontological antemortem data. The study sample includes 276 individuals with known demographic and clinical information from the Italian CAL Milano Cemetery Skeletal Collection. In the sample, 124 (45%) individuals showed one or more skeletal features that may be potentially individualizing. Of these, 79% showed two and more features, which occurred in a multitude of different combinations. Skeletal findings may provide useful postmortem information that can be compared with antemortem witness statements and clinical imaging. However, more research into the utility of dry bone findings and the availability of comparative material, including imaging, and epidemiological data needs to be undertaken before skeletal features can be implemented into identification protocols and databases.
forensic anthropology; forensic science; human rights; identity; pathological changes; skeletal collection
Settore MED/43 - Medicina Legale
Settore BIO/16 - Anatomia Umana
25-giu-2019
Article (author)
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Cappella_et_al-2019-Journal_of_Forensic_Sciences.pdf

accesso riservato

Tipologia: Publisher's version/PDF
Dimensione 137.19 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
137.19 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
Cappella_et_al-2019-Journal_of_Forensic_Sciences.pdf

accesso riservato

Tipologia: Publisher's version/PDF
Dimensione 138.14 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
138.14 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/651976
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 1
  • Scopus 3
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 3
social impact