Primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) is a chronic autoimmune cholestatic liver disease most commonly encountered in postmenopausal women; it is characterized by high-titer serum autoantibodies to mitochondrial antigens, elevated serum IgM, progressive destruction of intrahepatic bile ducts, and ultimately liver cirrhosis and failure. The cytopathic mechanisms leading to the selective destruction of intrahepatic cholangiocytes are still largely unknown. The current theory on the pathogenesis of PBC indicated that environmental factors might trigger autoimmunity in genetically susceptible individuals. In fact, genetic predisposition is crit. to disease onset and progression, yet peculiar among autoimmune diseases, as indicated by the lack of a strong assocn. with major histocompatibility complex haplotypes. Further, the recently reported concordance rate among monozygotic twins strenghtens the importance of genetic factors, while also indicating that addnl. factors, possibly infectious agents or xenobiotics, intervene to trigger the disease. In this review, the available data regarding the genetic factors assocd. with PBC susceptibility and progression, as well as the available evidence regarding the immunomediated pathogenesis of PBC, will be critically illustrated and discussed.
|Titolo:||Genes and (auto)immunity in primary biliary cirrhosis|
|Parole Chiave:||autoimmune cholangitis ; complex disease ; association study ; environmental factors ; pathogenesis|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/09 - Medicina Interna|
|Data di pubblicazione:||ott-2005|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1038/sj.gene.6364248|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|