Objectives: Endoscopic supraglottic laryngectomy (ESL) by carbon dioxide laser for selected T1-T3 supraglottic squamous cell carcinomas is a sound procedure with oncological results comparable to those obtained by open-neck supraglottic laryngectomy (ONSL). The aim of this study was to retrospectively evaluate functional outcomes after ESL in comparison with ONSL. Methods: We performed perceptual voice evaluation by GRBAS (grade, roughness, breathiness, asthenicity, strain), subjective analysis by Voice Handicap Index, objective analysis with the Multidimensional Voice Program, swallowing evaluation with the M. D. Anderson Dysphagia Inventory, video nasal endoscopic examination of swallowing, videofluoroscopy, and analysis of hospitalization time, need for and duration of feeding tube and tracheotomy, and complication and aspiration pneumonia rates in a group of 14 patients treated with ESL. These results were compared to those obtained in a historical group of 14 patients matched for T category who were treated with ONSL at the same institution. Statistical analysis was performed with the Mann-Whitney U and Pearson χ2 tests. Results: Comparison of comprehensive voice analysis, M. D. Anderson Dysphagia Inventory, and complication and aspiration rates showed no statistically significant differences between the two groups. However, significant differences were found for video nasal endoscopic examination of swallowing (p = .03), videofluoroscopy (p = .03), hospitalization (p = .0001), feeding tube duration (p = .0001), and tracheotomy duration (p = .0001). Conclusions: Endoscopic supraglottic laryngectomy had a significantly lower functional impact on swallowing than ONSL, even though it was not subjectively perceived by patients, and was associated with less morbidity and a shorter hospitalization time.

Comparison of functional outcomes after endoscopic versus open-neck supraglottic laryngectomies / G. Peretti, C. Piazza, A. Cattaneo, L. De Benedetto, E. Martin, P. Nicolai. - In: ANNALS OF OTOLOGY RHINOLOGY AND LARYNGOLOGY. - ISSN 0003-4894. - 115:11(2006), pp. 827-832. [10.1177/000348940611501106]

Comparison of functional outcomes after endoscopic versus open-neck supraglottic laryngectomies

C. Piazza;
2006

Abstract

Objectives: Endoscopic supraglottic laryngectomy (ESL) by carbon dioxide laser for selected T1-T3 supraglottic squamous cell carcinomas is a sound procedure with oncological results comparable to those obtained by open-neck supraglottic laryngectomy (ONSL). The aim of this study was to retrospectively evaluate functional outcomes after ESL in comparison with ONSL. Methods: We performed perceptual voice evaluation by GRBAS (grade, roughness, breathiness, asthenicity, strain), subjective analysis by Voice Handicap Index, objective analysis with the Multidimensional Voice Program, swallowing evaluation with the M. D. Anderson Dysphagia Inventory, video nasal endoscopic examination of swallowing, videofluoroscopy, and analysis of hospitalization time, need for and duration of feeding tube and tracheotomy, and complication and aspiration pneumonia rates in a group of 14 patients treated with ESL. These results were compared to those obtained in a historical group of 14 patients matched for T category who were treated with ONSL at the same institution. Statistical analysis was performed with the Mann-Whitney U and Pearson χ2 tests. Results: Comparison of comprehensive voice analysis, M. D. Anderson Dysphagia Inventory, and complication and aspiration rates showed no statistically significant differences between the two groups. However, significant differences were found for video nasal endoscopic examination of swallowing (p = .03), videofluoroscopy (p = .03), hospitalization (p = .0001), feeding tube duration (p = .0001), and tracheotomy duration (p = .0001). Conclusions: Endoscopic supraglottic laryngectomy had a significantly lower functional impact on swallowing than ONSL, even though it was not subjectively perceived by patients, and was associated with less morbidity and a shorter hospitalization time.
Carbon dioxide laser; Endoscopic supraglottic laryngectomy; Open-neck supraglottic laryngectomy; Supraglottic cancer; Swallowing; Vocal outcome; Aged; Carcinoma, Squamous Cell; Deglutition; Female; Follow-Up Studies; Glottis; Humans; Laryngeal Neoplasms; Laryngectomy; Male; Middle Aged; Neck; Neoplasm Staging; Retrospective Studies; Surveys and Questionnaires; Treatment Outcome; Voice Quality; Laryngoscopy; Otorhinolaryngology; 2734; Pathology and Forensic Medicine
Settore MED/31 - Otorinolaringoiatria
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/649040
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