The apolipoprotein E (APOE) gene in humans contains two single-base polymorphisms in exon 4, which result in three common alleles, conventionally named ε 2 ε 3 and ε 4. Numerous studies have shown an important association between the ε 4 variant and an increased risk of Alzheimer's disease; other data suggest a possible linkage of APOE genetic heterogeneity with lipid profile and an increased risk of atherothrombotic stroke and coronary heart disease. APOE genotyping is therefore an increasingly common assay in laboratory medicine. The most widely used technique for APOE genotyping is based upon restriction isotyping, i.e., amplification of the fragment of exon 4 containing the most common sequence variations, followed by enzymatic digestion of the amplicon and fragments analysis by gel electrophoresis. We developed a novel, reliable and fast method that exploits the sensitivity and specificity of denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography in detecting single-nucleotide polymorphisms. We show that, in most cases, with a single chromatographic separation it is possible to correctly identify the six different APOE allelic patterns, without any manipulation after the polymerase chain reaction amplification. When compared to restriction isotyping, our method is much faster, less labor intensive and similarly inexpensive.
|Titolo:||Apolipoprotein E haplotyping by denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography|
|Parole Chiave:||apolipoprotein E ; denaturing HPLC ; haplotyping ; single-nucleotide polymorphism|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/26 - Neurologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1515/CCLM.2005.090|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|