Objective In patients with affective disorders, benzodiazepines (BZDs) are frequently administered at the onset, sometimes inappropriately. We sought to identify clinical variables associated with first BZD prescription in a large sample of patients with affective disorders. Methods Four hundred sixty patients with mood or anxiety disorders attending different psychiatric services were assessed comparing those who received BZD as first treatment (BZD w/) and those who did not (BZD w/o). Results More than one third (35.7%) of the total sample had received BZDs as first prescription. In relation to mood disorders, BZD w/ subjects more frequently (a) had not a psychiatrist as first therapist, (b) had anxious symptoms at onset, (c) had adjustment disorder as first diagnosis, (d) were treated as outpatients. In relation to specific diagnoses, (a) personal decision of treatment for major depressive disorder, (b) outpatient status for bipolar disorder and (c) longer duration of untreated illness for adjustment disorder were more frequently associated with first BZD prescription. For anxiety disorders, the presence of stressful life events and the diagnoses of panic disorder or specific phobias were more frequently observed in BZD w/ patients. Conclusion Patients with affective disorders frequently received BZDs as first prescription with significant differences between and within mood and anxiety disorders.
Exploring characteristics associated with first benzodiazepine prescription in patients with affective disorders and related diagnoses / V. De Carlo, B. Grancini, M. Vismara, B. Benatti, C. Arici, L. Cremaschi, G. Cirnigliaro, L. Degoni, L. Oldani, C. Palazzo, I.D. Glick, C. Viganò, B. Dell'Osso. - In: HUMAN PSYCHOPHARMACOLOGY. - ISSN 0885-6222. - 34:3(2019 May).
|Titolo:||Exploring characteristics associated with first benzodiazepine prescription in patients with affective disorders and related diagnoses|
DE CARLO, VERA (Primo)
GRANCINI, BENEDETTA MARIA (Secondo)
VIGANO', CATERINA ADELE (Penultimo)
DELL'OSSO, BERNARDO MARIA (Ultimo) (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||affective disorders; benzodiazepines; first pharmacological prescription|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/25 - Psichiatria|
|Data di pubblicazione:||mag-2019|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hup.2695|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|
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