Distillation is one of the most important separation process in industrial chemistry. This operation isbased on a deep knowledge of the fluid phase equilibria involved in the mixture to be separated. In par-ticular, the most important aspects are the determination of the vapor pressures of the single compoundsand the correct representation of the eventual not ideality of the mixture. Simulation science is a fun-damental tool for managing these complex topics and chemical engineers students have to learn andto use it on real case-studies. To give to the students a complete overview of these complex aspects, alaboratory experience is proposed. Three different work stations were set up: i) determination of vaporpressure of two pure compounds; ii) the study of vapor-liquid equilibria of a binary mixture; iii) the useof a continuous multistage distillation column in dynamic and steady-state conditions. The simulation ofall these activities by a commercial software, PRO II by AVEVA, allows to propose and verify the thermo-dynamic characteristics of the mixture and to correctly interpret the distillation column data. Moreover,the experimental plants and the data elaboration by classical equations are presented. The students arerequest to prepare a final report in which the description of the experimental plants and experimentalprocedure, the interpretation of the results and the simulation study are critically discussed in order toencourage them to reason and to acquire the concepts of the course.Two different questionnaires each with 7 questions, for the course and for the laboratory, are proposedand analyzed. The final evaluation of the students was strongly positive both for the course as a wholeand for the proposed laboratory activities.
Learning distillation by a combined experimental and simulation approach in a three steps laboratory : Vapor pressure, vapor-liquid equilibria and distillation column / C. Pirola. - In: EDUCATION FOR CHEMICAL ENGINEERS. - ISSN 1749-7728. - 28(2019 Jul), pp. 54-65.
|Titolo:||Learning distillation by a combined experimental and simulation approach in a three steps laboratory : Vapor pressure, vapor-liquid equilibria and distillation column|
|Parole Chiave:||distillation; vapor pressure; vapour-liquid equilibria; simulation; educational; survey|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore ING-IND/25 - Impianti Chimici|
|Data di pubblicazione:||lug-2019|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ece.2019.05.003|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|