Childhood-onset idiopathic nephrotic syndrome affects 1.15-3.4 children/100,000 children/year in Western Countries. Immune-mediated mechanisms, particularly T cell-mediated, are thought to play a key pathogenic role. The genetic basis of the disease is still poorly understood. We tested the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of four genes encoding Fc gamma receptors (FCGR2A, FCGR2B, FCGR3A, FCGR3B) and idiopathic nephrotic syndrome in a case-control study of paediatric patients. Children with idiopathic nephrotic syndrome (aged 1-16 years) were included. FCGR2A rs1801274 and FCGR3A rs396991 SNPs were genotyped using real-time PCR with the TaqMan method, while FCGR2B rs1050501 and FCGR3B NA1/NA2 were genotyped using Sanger sequencing. Fisher's exact test was used to explore genetic association. We enrolled 103 idiopathic nephrotic syndrome patients and 181 healthy controls. A significant association was found between idiopathic nephrotic syndrome and FCGR2A rs1801274 SNP (both with the T allele and the TT genotype, p value=0.0009, OR 1.81, 95% CI 1.27-2.59 and p value=0.0007, OR 2.39, 95% CI 1.44-3.99, respectively). No associations were found for the remaining SNPs. Fc gamma receptors might modulate response to rituximab; since 60 of the enrolled patients were treated with rituximab, we also tested the association between the studied SNPs and rituximab efficacy in this patient subgroup, but found only a weak association with FCGR2A CC genotype (p value=0.03). The FCGR2A rs1801274 SNP in the gene encoding the activating receptor CD32A confers susceptibility to idiopathic nephrotic syndrome.
FCGR2A single nucleotide polymorphism confers susceptibility to childhood-onset idiopathic nephrotic syndrome / G.M. Rossi, F. Bonatti, A. Adorni, F. Alberici, M. Bodria, A. Bonanni, G.M. Ghiggeri, D. Martorana, A. Vaglio. - In: IMMUNOLOGY LETTERS. - ISSN 0165-2478. - 193(2018), pp. 11-13.
|Titolo:||FCGR2A single nucleotide polymorphism confers susceptibility to childhood-onset idiopathic nephrotic syndrome|
|Parole Chiave:||CD32; FCGR2A; Fc gamma receptor; Minimal change disease; Nephrotic syndrome; SNP; Adolescent; Antigens, CD20; Biomarkers, Pharmacological; Child; Child, Preschool; GPI-Linked Proteins; Gene Frequency; Genetic Predisposition to Disease; Humans; Infant; Nephrotic Syndrome; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; Receptors, IgG; Rituximab; Genotype|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/14 - Nefrologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.imlet.2017.11.002|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|