Attempting to contribute to the development of a more objective morphological evaluation of dog spermatozoa, in this study the indices of multiple sperm defects (multiple abnormalities index, MAI; teratozoospermic index, TZI; sperm deformity index, SDI) were calculated following the World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines. In Exp. I, the concordance of MAI, TZI and SDI with the proportions of morphologically normal spermatozoa (MNS) was evaluated in fresh ejaculated spermatozoa (dogs=47). In Exp. II, the potential role of indices as prognostic values was assessed in spermatozoa of different origin and treatment (fresh ejaculated: n=6; fresh epididymal: n=6; frozen-thawed ejaculated: n=6) by their correlation with different semen parameters (motility, membrane integrity and acrosome status) and with an in vitro sperm function test. Samples with different proportions of MNS showed different values of SDI, the index that better represented the decline of sperm morphology in both fresh and frozen-thawed samples (Exp. I and II; p<0.05). No correlations between indices and semen parameters were observed (Exp. II), but when samples were evaluated collectively, negative correlations (SDI-motility, p=0.01; SDI-acrosome integrity, p=0.002) were found. Including all the defects of each spermatozoon, SDI might be a useful index during morphological analysis and better discriminates the increase of multiple defects. A more objective morphological evaluation for dog spermatozoa was achieved by the WHO method, and in vitro tests allowed to elucidate the validity of SDI as prognostic indicator of in vitro fertilizing potential. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
|Titolo:||Morphological indices for canine spermatozoa based on the World Health Organization laboratory manual for human semen|
|Parole Chiave:||dog; morphology; sperm deformity index; spermatozoa|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore VET/10 - Clinica Ostetrica e Ginecologia Veterinaria|
|Data di pubblicazione:||13-apr-2019|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1111/rda.13440|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|