PURPOSE: To assess whether atrial fibrillation (AF) in heart failure (HF) affects oxygen uptake at anaerobic threshold ((Equation is included in full-text article.)O2 AT) and heart rate (HR) kinetics. METHODS: A total of 15 patients with HF and AF and 18 with HF and sinus rhythm (SR) performed a maximal incremental and 2 constant workload cycle ergometer cardiopulmonary exercise tests (below and above AT, at 25% and 75% of maximal workload, respectively). At constant workload tests, kinetics of (Equation is included in full-text article.)O2 and HR were assessed by calculating time constant (τ). RESULTS: HF patients with AF showed a similar peak (Equation is included in full-text article.)O2 to those with SR (16.7 ± 4.5 mL/kg/min vs 16.6 ± 3.9 mL/kg/min). However, (Equation is included in full-text article.)O2 AT (11.3 ± 2.9 mL/kg/min vs 9.3 ± 2.8 mL/kg/min; P < .05), peak HR (149 ± 18.8 bpm vs 116.4 ± 20.4 bpm; P < .001), HR AT (125.3 ± 19.1 bpm vs 90.3 ± 15.5 bpm; P < .001), and HR increase during exercise were greater in HF patients with AF. Finally, τHR and τ(Equation is included in full-text article.)O2 below and above AT were not significantly different. CONCLUSIONS: In HF patients with AF, despite a similar peak (Equation is included in full-text article.)O2 compared with patients with HF and SR, (Equation is included in full-text article.)O2 AT is higher because of a higher HR and a greater HR increase during exercise. One postulated mechanism would be a greater cardiac output increase at the beginning of exercise in HF patients with AF. The delayed AT generates uncertainty about the meaning of a (Equation is included in full-text article.)O2 value at AT in HF patients with AF, because a higher AT is usually associated with better performance and a better prognosis.

Delayed Anaerobic Threshold in Heart Failure Patients With Atrial Fibrillation / P. Palermo, D. Magrì, S. Sciomer, E. Stefanini, C. Agalbato, E. Compagnino, C.M. Chircu, F. Maffessanti, M. Teodoru, P. Agostoni. - In: JOURNAL OF CARDIOPULMONARY REHABILITATION AND PREVENTION. - ISSN 1932-7501. - 36:3(2016), pp. 174-179.

Delayed Anaerobic Threshold in Heart Failure Patients With Atrial Fibrillation

C. Agalbato;E. Compagnino;P. Agostoni
2016

Abstract

PURPOSE: To assess whether atrial fibrillation (AF) in heart failure (HF) affects oxygen uptake at anaerobic threshold ((Equation is included in full-text article.)O2 AT) and heart rate (HR) kinetics. METHODS: A total of 15 patients with HF and AF and 18 with HF and sinus rhythm (SR) performed a maximal incremental and 2 constant workload cycle ergometer cardiopulmonary exercise tests (below and above AT, at 25% and 75% of maximal workload, respectively). At constant workload tests, kinetics of (Equation is included in full-text article.)O2 and HR were assessed by calculating time constant (τ). RESULTS: HF patients with AF showed a similar peak (Equation is included in full-text article.)O2 to those with SR (16.7 ± 4.5 mL/kg/min vs 16.6 ± 3.9 mL/kg/min). However, (Equation is included in full-text article.)O2 AT (11.3 ± 2.9 mL/kg/min vs 9.3 ± 2.8 mL/kg/min; P < .05), peak HR (149 ± 18.8 bpm vs 116.4 ± 20.4 bpm; P < .001), HR AT (125.3 ± 19.1 bpm vs 90.3 ± 15.5 bpm; P < .001), and HR increase during exercise were greater in HF patients with AF. Finally, τHR and τ(Equation is included in full-text article.)O2 below and above AT were not significantly different. CONCLUSIONS: In HF patients with AF, despite a similar peak (Equation is included in full-text article.)O2 compared with patients with HF and SR, (Equation is included in full-text article.)O2 AT is higher because of a higher HR and a greater HR increase during exercise. One postulated mechanism would be a greater cardiac output increase at the beginning of exercise in HF patients with AF. The delayed AT generates uncertainty about the meaning of a (Equation is included in full-text article.)O2 value at AT in HF patients with AF, because a higher AT is usually associated with better performance and a better prognosis.
Aged; Atrial Fibrillation; Exercise Test; Female; Heart Failure; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Physical Exertion; Time Factors; Anaerobic Threshold; Heart Rate
Settore MED/11 - Malattie dell'Apparato Cardiovascolare
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/643862
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