Extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcoma (EMC) is a rare sarcoma histotype with uncertain differentiation. EMC is hallmarked by the rearrangement of the NR4A3 gene, which in most cases fuses with EWSR1 or TAF15. TAF15-translocated EMC seem to feature a more aggressive course compared to EWSR1-positive EMCs, but whether the type of NR4A3 chimera impinges upon EMC biology is still largely undefined. To gain insights on this issue, a series of EMC samples (7 EWSR1-NR4A3 and 5 TAF15-NR4A3) were transcriptionally profiled. Our study unveiled that the two EMC variants display a distinct transcriptional profile and that the axon guidance pathway is a major discriminant. In particular, class 4-6 Semaphorins and axonal guidance cues endowed with pro-tumorigenic activity were more expressed in TAF15-NR4A3 tumors; vice versa, class 3 Semaphorins, considered to convey growth inhibitory signals, were more abundant in EWSR1-NR4A3 EMC. Intriguingly, the dichotomy in axon guidance signaling observed in the two tumor variants was recapitulated in in vitro cell models engineered to ectopically express EWSR1-NR4A3 or TAF15-NR4A3. Moreover, TAF15-NR4A3 cells displayed a more pronounced tumorigenic potential, as assessed by anchorage-independent growth. Overall, our results indicate that the type of NR4A3 chimera dictates an axon guidance switch and impacts on tumor cell biology. These findings may provide a framework for interpretation of the different clinical-pathological features of the two EMC variants and lay down the bases for the development of novel patient stratification criteria and therapeutic approaches.
|Titolo:||NR4A3 fusion proteins trigger an axon guidance switch that marks the difference between EWSR1 and TAF15 translocated extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcomas|
|Parole Chiave:||EWSR1; NR4A3; TAF15; axon guidance; extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcomas; sarcoma; transcriptional profile|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/06 - Oncologia Medica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||25-apr-2019|
|Data ahead of print / Data di stampa:||25-apr-2019|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1002/path.5284|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|